Gulliver\'s Travels By Jonathan Swift


Word Count: 1361

Many authors write books about events, their lives and their environment,
and their corrupt government. One satirical author who wrote a novel about
living in a corrupt society is Jonathan Swift who wrote Gulliver\'s Travels.
The places the protagonist had visited reflected on the author\'s English
government. The life of the author will be shown similar to this book
because of the way he lived.

Jonathan Swift was well educated and graduated from Trinity College in
Dublin in English literature. He not only had a life in literature but also
had a life in politics. This experience helped him write many satirical
essays and novels against England and Ireland. His first political job was
to work for the remarkable statesman, Sir William Temple from 1689 to 1699.
During that time, he also became a minister for the church of England in
1694. After Sir William Temple died in 1669, Swift became a pastor of a
small Protestant parish in Laracor, Ireland. He was ordained in 1694. His
skill as a writer was greatly appreciated within the church and was well
known in Dublin. If one were to divide Swift\'s career into "periods," the
years 1710-14 would naturally fall into the "Middle Period."(Cook, V) In
1710, he became a powerful supporter of the Tory government in England.
Through many of Swift\'s articles and pamphlets in defense, he became one of
the most effective public relations men any English administration ever had.
The Tories saw how good Swift\'s literature was and hired him as an editor
for their journal, The Examiner. His political power ended when a new
government came to power. This was the Whig party. The Tory government and
the Whig party were against each other and shared different views like the
republicans and democrats in the U.S. The last stage of Swift\'s life shows
him transformed from an English into a Irish favorite, and this almost in
spite of himself.(Swift, XIV) He was betrayed and exiled to Ireland by his
friends. The unbearable lifestyle he endured while living in Ireland forced
him to write his brilliant satirical essay, A Modest Proposal. This essay
suggested that the people of Ireland should use their children for a cash
crop.


In the book Gulliver\'s Travels, the author reflects his life on the main
character to Prove a point, mankind are savages. All that was necessary
was that he take on a deliberate persona in the form some self-deceived
enthusiast. (Cook, pg.92) The protagonist of the story Lemieux Gulliver,
went on many voyages and left his wife and child back in England for months
at a time. The first voyage he went on in the book was to Lilliput. All of
the places he went to
were by accident. It was either he was shipwrecked or his boat was taken
over by pirates. In Lilliput, he fell asleep ashore and woke up tied down by
the barbaric Lilliputians. These natives are only three inches high and look
exactly like humans but smaller. Swift satirizes our bestial selves and use
them as these Lilllputians. These Lilliputians are pure evil and very
corrupt. Their government system is similar to ours. Their leader is an
Emperor who has all but some power over their country. He also has advisors
who seem to influence the Emperor in all his decisions even if he did not
agree. This system is similar to our government and congress having equal
power to the president. In order for a person to gain a seat in congress or
hold a certain political position in our society, they have to be elected by
the people. In Lilliput, the people gain their political power in the
strangest and silliest way. The emperor holds a stick out in front of the
person and in order for the person to get the highest position possible,
they must be able to jump over or crawl under the stick depending how the
emperor positions it. The emperor may raise the stick and lower it for
whomever he wants. He may pick favorites and make it easier for them to get
over the stick. The Lilliputians were in the middle of a civil war with a
neighboring island called Blefescu. The war was caused due to a
misunderstanding in the past.