Qui trinh lập bản djồ khai niệ m
Co rất nhiều bai bao djược djăng tải tren cac trang web hướng dẫn cach lam bản djồ khai niệm, dưới djay la djề xuất của Novak, người djược coi la dja khai sinh lại cho bản djồ khai niệm.
Bước 1: Djặt cau hỏi trọng tam của bai hoặc chương djược on tập.
Bước 2: Tim tất cả cac khai niệm lien quan hoặc trả lời cho cau hỏi trọng tam, vẽ cac o trống djể chứa cac khai niệm djo. (ban djầu, nen liệt ke tất cả cac khai niệm lien quan djến cau hỏi trọng tam, sau djo co thể them hoặc bớt trong bản vẽ cuối cung)
Bước 3: Xếp cac khai niệm tren bản djồ theo trinh tự từ quan trọng nhất djến it quan trọng nhất.
Bước 4: Nối cac khai niệm co lien quan với nhau bằng cac mũi ten.
Bước 5: Viết ben cạnh cac mũi ten cac cụm từ thật ngắn gọn mieu tả mối quan hệ giữa cac khai niệm, vi dụ: dẫn djến, bao gồm, djoi hỏi, lien quan, djược thể hiện bởi, tạo ra ...
Bước 6: Them cac vi dụ gần o chứa khai niệm nhằm lam ro cac khai niệm djo. (Nếu co)


Constructing a Concept Map
Brainstorming Phase :   From your memory, (which you can jog by going through your notes and related course material) identify facts, terms, and ideas that you think are in anyway associated with the topic. Make a list of these items and print them neatly on small Post-It ®   notes, one per note, in very brief form, i. e. a single word or short phrase. This is a brain-storming process, so write down everything that anybody in your group thinks is important and avoid discussing how important the item is. Don't worry about redundancy, relative importance, or relationships at this point. Your objective here is to generate the largest possible list you can. Before your group completes this step, you may have more than 50 items.
Organizing Phase :   Spread out your concepts (Post-It ®   notes) on a flat surface so that all can be read easily and, together, create groups and sub-groups of related items. Try to group items to emphasize hierarchies. Identify terms that represent those higher categories and add them. Feel free to rearrange items and introduce new items that you omitted initially. Note that some concepts will fall into multiple groupings. This will become important later.
Layout Phase :   On a large sheet of paper, try to come up with an arrangement (layout) that best represents your collective understanding of the interrelationships and connections among groupings. Feel free to rearrange things at any time during this phase. Use a consistent hierarchy in which the most important concepts are in the center or at the top. Within sub-grouping, place closely related items near to each other. Think in terms of connecting the items in a simple sentence that shows the relationship between them. Do not expect your layout to be like that of other groups. It may be advisable to meet outside of class to work on this assignment and plan for its completion.
Linking Phase :   Use lines with arrows to connect and show the relationship between connected items. Write a word or short phrase by each arrow to specify the relationship. Many arrows can originate or terminate on particularly important concepts.
Finalizing the Concept Map :   After your group has agreed on an arrangement   of items that coveys your understanding, you need to convert the concept map into a permanent form that others can view and discuss. Be creative in a constructive way through the use of colors, fonts, shapes, border thickness, etc. to communicate your group's understanding. Give your concept map a title.