Unit 2: Managing health and development

This unit investigates transitions in health and wellbeing, and development, from lifespan and societal perspectives. Students look at changes and expectations that are part of the progression from youth to adulthood. This unit promotes the application of health literacy skills through an examination of adulthood as a time of increasing independence and responsibility, involving the establishment of long-term relationships, possible considerations of parenthood and management of health-related milestones and changes.
Students enquire into the Australian healthcare system and extend their capacity to access and analyze health information. They investigate the challenges and opportunities presented by digital media and health technologies, and consider issues surrounding the use of health data and access to quality health care.

Area of Study 1 Developmental transitions

This area of study examines the developmental transitions from youth to adulthood, with a focus on expected changes, significant decisions, and protective factors, including behaviors. Students consider perceptions of what it means to be a youth and an adult and investigate the expected physical and social changes. They inquire into factors that in hence both the transition from youth to adulthood and later health status. They consider the characteristics of respectful, healthy relationships. Students examine parenthood as a potential transition in life. With a focus on the in hence of parents/careers and families, students investigate factors that contribute to development, health and wellbeing during the prenatal, infancy and early childhood stages of the lifespan. Health and wellbeing is considered as an intergenerational concept (that is, the health and wellbeing of one generation affects the next).

Outcome 1
On completion of this unit the student should be able to explain developmental changes in the transition from youth to adulthood, analyze factors that contribute to healthy development during prenatal and early childhood stages of the lifespan and explain health and wellbeing as an intergenerational concept.

Key knowledge
overview of the human lifespan
Perceptions of youth and adulthood as stages of the lifespan
Definitions and characteristics of development, including physical, social, emotional and intellectual
Developmental transitions from youth to adulthood
Key characteristics of healthy and respectful relationships and the impact on health and wellbeing, and development
Considerations in becoming a parent such as responsibilities, and the availability of social and emotional support and resources
The role of parents, careers and/or the family environment in determining the optimal development of children through understanding of:
Fertilization and the stages of prenatal development
Risk and protective factors related to prenatal development such as maternal diet and the effects of smoking and alcohol during pregnancy
Physical, social, emotional and intellectual development in infancy and early childhood.
The impact of early life experiences on future health and development the intergenerational nature of health and wellbeing.

Key skills
Collect and analyze information to draw conclusions on perceptions of youth and adulthood
Describe the developmental changes that characterize the transition from youth to adulthood
Analyze the role of healthy and respectful relationships in the achievement of optimal health and wellbeing
Analyze factors to be considered and resources required for the transition to parenthood
Explain factors that influence development during the prenatal and early childhood stages of the lifespan
Explain health and wellbeing as an intergenerational concept.

Area of Study 2 Health care in Australia

This area of study investigates the health system in Australia. Students examine the functions of various entities that play a role in our health system. They inquire into equity of access to health services, as well as the rights and responsibilities of individuals receiving care. Students research the range of health services in their communities and suggest how to improve health and wellbeing outcomes and health literacy in Australia. They explore a range of issues associated with the use of new and emerging health procedures and technologies such as reproductive technologies, articular intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, three-dimensional printing of body parts and use of stem cells.

Outcome 2
On completion of this unit the student should be able to describe how to access Australia's health system, explain how it promotes health and wellbeing in their local community, and analyze a range of issues associated with the use of new and emerging health procedures and technologies.

Key knowledge
Key aspects of Australia's