African Studies

Alcohol And Society
Alcohol And Society
Alcohol And Society Word Count: 1036 Jean Toomer Jean Toomer\'s family was not typical of migrating African Americans settling in the North, or fleeing the South. Each of his maternal grandparents were born of a caucasian father. But a speck of Black makes you Black. Thus, Toomer\'s grandfather, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, was a free born black, a Union officer in the Civil War and was elected to the office of Lieutenant Governor and later Acting Governor of Louisiana during Reconstructi
Ira Aldridge
Ira Aldridge
Ira Aldridge Word Count: 1833 Ira Frederick Aldridge was born on July 24, 1807 in New York. However, his birthplace remained questionable until 40 or so years ago. It has also been listed as Senegal(Africa), and Maryland. However conclusive evidence was found in the 1950s that he was born in New York. Included in this evidence are his British Naturalization papers and Death Certificate. His father was Reverend Daniel Adlridge , a straw vendor and preacher in Old Zion . His mother was Lurranah.
Polonius Is Folish
Polonius Is Folish
Polonius Is Folish Word Count: 1657 Polonius: A Fool in Shakespeare’s Hamlet Hamlet is the most popular of Shakespeare’s plays for theater audiences and readers. It has been acted live in countries throughout the world and has been translated into every language. Polonius is one of the major characters in Hamlet, his role in the play is of great interest to scholars. Parts of Hamlet present Polonius as a fool, whose love of his own voice leads to his constant babbling. Scholars have been analyz
Savage Inequalities
Savage Inequalities
Savage Inequalities Word Count: 1951 In Savage Inequalities, Jonathan Kozol documents the devastating inequalities in American schools, focusing on public education’s “savage inequalities” between affluent districts and poor districts. From 1988 till 1990, Kozol visited schools in over thirty neighborhoods, including East St. Louis, the Bronx, Chicago, Harlem, Jersey City, and San Antonio. Kozol describes horrifying conditions in these schools. He spends a chapter on each area, and provides a d
Cultural Diversity in Schools
Cultural Diversity in Schools
Cultural Diversity in Schools Cultural Diversity in Schools EDCI 401 Name Here JANUARY 31,1997 Since early American history, schools, like society, have addressed cultural diversity in different ways. In the colonial days, some attempts to adjust to cultural differences were made in the New York colony, but the dominant American culture was the norm in the general public, as well as most of the schools. As America approached the nineteenth century, the need for a common culture was the basis fo
Schlesinger's Canon Vs. My High School's Canon
Schlesinger's Canon Vs. My High School's Canon
Schlesinger\'s Canon Vs. My High School\'s Canon Schlesinger\'s Canon Vs. My High School\'s Canon In school, whether it be at the high school or college levels, there are usually lists of books thought as being essential reading. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.--a Pulitzer Prize winning historian--calls this list in his book The Disuniting of America, a canon or canonical literature. A problem exists with this canon, at least Schlesinger claims there is. He states that the canon is being use
Overcoming Marital Conflict
Overcoming Marital Conflict
Overcoming Marital Conflict Overcoming Marital Conflict Marriages are made, not in heaven, but by wonderfully fallible human beings who hope for the best, but who often do precious little to make this most challenging and complicated relationship work. From the very first couple and their differing view point over the apple to modern times, men and women have always disagreed. Both sexes are born with inherently different personality traits. Although mankind knows they will never see eye to eye
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action Affirmative Action Papers are piling up on top of a desk. People are running around trying to meet their deadlines. Assignments are being pushed back to later dates. Phones are being answered, but put on hold for the next available representatives. The president of the firm puts out a notice of hire. The word is spread throughout the business community through the newspaper and the internet. Resumes are received every business day. The board members of the firm review hundred
Affirmative Action in Seattle
Affirmative Action in Seattle
Affirmative Action in Seattle Affirmative Action in Seattle Present efforts to repeal affirmative action are based on several general misconceptions. One is that our society, having reached a point of true equality, no longer needs programs that help government recruit and hire qualified women, people of color, and persons with disabilities. Unfortunately, there is abundant evidence -- from Census Bureau data and academic studies, to news accounts and everyday experiences -- that we still have
2-09-97
2-09-97
2-09-97 Affirmative Action Present efforts to repeal affirmative action are based on several general misconceptions. One is that our society, having reached a point of true equality, no longer needs programs that help government recruit and hire qualified women, people of color, and persons with disabilities. Unfortunately, there is abundant evidence -- from Census Bureau data and academic studies, to news accounts and everyday experiences -- that we still have a long way to go to achieve equal
2-09-97
2-09-97
2-09-97 Affirmative Action Present efforts to repeal affirmative action are based on several general misconceptions. One is that our society, having reached a point of true equality, no longer needs programs that help government recruit and hire qualified women, people of color, and persons with disabilities. Unfortunately, there is abundant evidence -- from Census Bureau data and academic studies, to news accounts and everyday experiences -- that we still have a long way to go to achieve equal
Papers are piling up on top of a desk. People are
Papers are piling up on top of a desk. People are
Papers are piling up on top of a desk. People are running around trying to meet their deadlines. Assignments are being pushed back to later dates. Phones are being answered, but put on hold for the next available representatives. The president of the firm puts out a notice of hire. The word is spread throughout the business community through the newspaper and the internet. Resumes are received every business day. The board members of the firm review hundreds of resumes that are received daily.
A Raisin In The Sun
A Raisin In The Sun
A Raisin In The Sun Word Count: 3921 A dream deferred is a dream put off to another time, much like this essay. But unlike dreams sometimes, this essay will get fulfilled and done with. Each character from A Raisin in the Sun had a deferred dream, even little Travis although his dream was not directly stated. Their dreams become dried up like a raisin in the sun. Not just dreams are dried up though; Walter Lee and Ruth’s marriage became dried up also. Their marriage was no longer of much import
A TRULY HAWTHORNE NATION
A TRULY HAWTHORNE NATION
A TRULY HAWTHORNE NATION Word Count: 1811 A TRULY HAWTHORNE NATION Many people have had an effect on this country. The reason for this lies in our country’s youth. The United States formed at a time when technological advancements allowed many more people to leave a legacy in its dawning. These advancements led to a creation of literary history. I find it hard to say one person had a larger effect on anything than anyone else, but some people do seem to stand out more than others. In helping to
Polonius Is Folish
Polonius Is Folish
Polonius Is Folish Word Count: 1657 Polonius: A Fool in Shakespeare’s Hamlet Hamlet is the most popular of Shakespeare’s plays for theater audiences and readers. It has been acted live in countries throughout the world and has been translated into every language. Polonius is one of the major characters in Hamlet, his role in the play is of great interest to scholars. Parts of Hamlet present Polonius as a fool, whose love of his own voice leads to his constant babbling. Scholars have been analyz
Savage Inequalities
Savage Inequalities
Savage Inequalities Word Count: 1951 In Savage Inequalities, Jonathan Kozol documents the devastating inequalities in American schools, focusing on public education’s “savage inequalities” between affluent districts and poor districts. From 1988 till 1990, Kozol visited schools in over thirty neighborhoods, including East St. Louis, the Bronx, Chicago, Harlem, Jersey City, and San Antonio. Kozol describes horrifying conditions in these schools. He spends a chapter on each area, and provides a d
Since early American history, schools, like societ
Since early American history, schools, like societ
Since early American history, schools, like society, have addressed cultural diversity in different ways. In the colonial days, some attempts to adjust to cultural differences were made in the New York colony, but the dominant American culture was the norm in the general public, as well as most of the schools. As America approached the nineteenth century, the need for a common culture was the basis for the educational forum. Formal public school instruction in cultural diversity was rare, and a
Schlesinger’s Canon Vs. My High School’s Canon
Schlesinger’s Canon Vs. My High School’s Canon
Schlesinger’s Canon Vs. My High School’s Canon In school, whether it be at the high school or college levels, there are usually lists of books thought as being essential reading. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.--a Pulitzer Prize winning historian--calls this list in his book The Disuniting of America, a canon or canonical literature. A problem exists with this canon, at least Schlesinger claims there is. He states that the canon is being used as an instrument of European oppression enforcing
Marriages are made, not in heaven, but by wonderfu
Marriages are made, not in heaven, but by wonderfu
Marriages are made, not in heaven, but by wonderfully fallible human beings who hope for the best, but who often do precious little to make this most challenging and complicated relationship work. From the very first couple and their differing view point over the apple to modern times, men and women have always disagreed. Both sexes are born with inherently different personality traits. Although mankind knows they will never see eye to eye with the opposite; they still are attracted to them, pe
Transracial Adoption Many adoptions are being take
Transracial Adoption Many adoptions are being take
Transracial Adoption Many adoptions are being taken place in America today. These adoptions are not always of the same race, transracial adoption is very popular among eager couples who are willing to adopt. Transracial adoption is the adoption of a child of one race by a couple of another race. Adopting children from different races has brought up many controversies and the government has had to step in. There are mixed views on the case of transracial adoption, some believe it is culturally d
Cultural Diversity in Local Politics
Cultural Diversity in Local Politics
Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Overview This paper explores the limits and potentials of ethnic and racial coalition building in Los Angeles. The demographic changes that have occurred in Los Angeles during the past twenty years have been extraordinary, both in scope and diversity. The area has witnessed a literal boom in population growth, increasing from 7 million in 1970 to 8.8 million in 1990. (US Bureau of the Census) However, it is the dramatic c
The United Nations
The United Nations
The United Nations The United Nations The United Nations is an organization of sovereign nations not a world government. It provides the machinery to help find solutions to disputes or problems, and to deal with virtually any matter of concern to humanity. It does not legislate like a national parliament. But in the meeting rooms and corridors of the UN, representatives of almost all countries of the world large and small, rich and poor, with varying political views and social systems have a vo
U.S. Criminal Justice System
U.S. Criminal Justice System
U.S. Criminal Justice System U.S. Criminal Justice System HSIN-CHIEH LIN BLACK STUDIES 100 JANUARY 13, 1997 In order to keep a safe society, it is important to establish a nation with good education to teach people judging from right or wrong , excellent police force to keep our street safe, and most of all, a good criminal justice system to carry out the justice. United States is a place with little crimes, a nation with nice houses, beautiful beaches, and expensive shops without property just
African American Studies
African American Studies
African American Studies Word Count: 310 Ryan Bradley 3/1/00 As African Americans become equal citizens in America they need to establish their own aims and ideas as people. African Americans must do active hands on research on the discipline of black studies. DuBois recognized that any research on black studies must be done by black scholars. This research must make a positive, lasting impact of the change on humanity. The educated Negro must go back to the original roots of Africans to establ
African Reaction
African Reaction
African Reaction Word Count: 1073 How the European Settlers Further Oppressed the Native Africans In the last few readings and cases studies, women and the peasant farmers were the subject and target of much of the white European aggression. The whites saw the women and peasants as minor threats to their occupation of the land and used this idea to further the oppression in African states. Chapter 11 In the Orange Free State the main target of the white oppression of blacks were women. Women we
Aids
Aids
Aids Word Count: 1372 AIDS in Africa Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is one of the most deadly viruses in the world. No country in Africa has escaped the virus. Some have been effected more then others though. The spread of AIDS in Africa is because of poor medical treatment and a lack of education on the part of the people. HIV is the virus which causes AIDS.(Aids in Africa,1994) HIV stands for Human Immune-deficiency Virus. The virus attacks the bodies immune system and weakens it.
Aids And Africa
Aids And Africa
Aids And Africa Word Count: 1802 The following are facts cited in “Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome” by Gerald J. Stine. Worldwide, about 9,000 persons a day become HIV-infected. The majority of all HIV infections worldwide occur in people ages 15-24. Over 1 million people die of AIDS each year. The number of HIV-infections worldwide has tripled since 1990! It is estimated that there will be a 20% decline in population in East Africa by the year 2001 due to AIDS (Stine, 360). “AIDS is the le
Difference Between Sephardic And Ashkenazi Jews In
Difference Between Sephardic And Ashkenazi Jews In
Difference Between Sephardic And Ashkenazi Jews In Modern Times Word Count: 2330 For the most part, modern Jewish history deals with the political, social and economic advancements achieved by the Ashkenazi communities in Europe, America, and later -- Palestine. Because of it\'s relatively small size and involvement in the affairs of civilized countries of Europe and America, the Sephardi branch of Judaism is rerely dealt with in the context of modern Jewish history. Their developement is howev
Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou Word Count: 622 Maya Angelou has dedicated her life to end prejudices faced by many black females in the 20th century. As an author, poet, and entertainer, she is known best for her strong portrayal of African-American women. Some of her most outstanding work is the series of autobiographies that she wrote telling about her childhood. Her work has contributed immensely to Americans everywhere. She has also broken many barriers for black women in writing, entertainment, and in film
Post-Colonialism: Trying To Regain Ethnic Individu
Post-Colonialism: Trying To Regain Ethnic Individu
Post-Colonialism: Trying To Regain Ethnic Individuality Word Count: 1727 Indeed, the stranger has unusual customs. The white man held the paper like a sacred thing. His hands shook, and we mistrusted him... For how many moons will the stranger be among us? (Vera 43) The stranger still lives among the people of Zimbabwe, though the colonial political authority has left. Yet I wonder if the town elder speaking in the above passage from Yvonne Vera\'s Nehanda would recognize current Zimbabwean aut
Religion in early Virginia
Religion in early Virginia
Religion in early Virginia Word Count: 1109 In a harsh new world, Virginia\'s English colonists were supported by an ancient and familiar tradition, the established church. The law of the land from 1624 mandated that white Virginians worship in the Anglican church (The Church of England) and support its upkeep with their taxes. Where religion was an integral part of everyday life in Virginia, the lines blurred between religious and civil authority. Virginia gentlemen, who supported establishmen
Capital Punishment, Should It Or Should It Not Be
Capital Punishment, Should It Or Should It Not Be
Capital Punishment, Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today\'s Criminal Judging System Capital Punishment, Should It Or Should It Not Be Used In Today\'s Criminal Judging System While Capital Punishment has been one of the most feared things of our time, it is still being questioned if it is unconstitutional. The Death Penalty is being enforced in more than 100 countries in the world and are usually in used in politically-related cases. Although it has been the case in many countries throug
Capital Punishment, should it or should it not be
Capital Punishment, should it or should it not be
Capital Punishment, should it or should it not be used in today\'s criminal judging system While Capital Punishment has been one of the most feared things of our time, it is still being questioned if it is unconstitutional. The Death Penalty is being enforced in more than 100 countries in the world and are usually in used in politically-related cases. Although it has been the case in many countries throughout the world it has been said that the Death Penalty is cruel and unusual punishment wh
Educational Programs In Prions
Educational Programs In Prions
Educational Programs In Prions Word Count: 1292 Educational Programs in Prisons “It is not a surprise to see that prisoners all have a low education level. I guess a more educated person has enough sense not to be involved with crime…the relationship between crime and education is easy to see when viewing these facts” (Cordes 1). This is the view of most people when asked why people are in prison. People simply say that criminals were ill educated. As hard as we may try, we cannot do a lot abou
France
France
France Word Count: 2852 Introduction France, which is the largest nation in Western Europe, is a presidential republic. France is a very important nation in Europe and it continues to be involved in contemporary policy issues. Helping the world as one of the great trading nations, France is a very important trading partner with the United States. Not only is France important to the United States, they are also important to countries all over the world. Their abundance of both mineral and agricu
Does Science Explain All?
Does Science Explain All?
Does Science Explain All? Does Science Explain All? In the beginning there was darkness. Then there was light. Then there was consciousness. Then there were questions and then there was religion. Religions sprouted up all over the world as a response to some of humanity\'s most troubling questions and fears. Why are we here? Where do we come from? Why does the world and nature act as it does? What happens when you die? Religions tended to answer all these questions with stories of gods and godd
The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty The Death Penalty American Civil Liberties Union Briefing Paper Number 8 THE DEATH PENALTY Since our nation\'s founding, the government -- colonial, federal and state -- has punished murder and, until recent years, rape with the ultimate sanction: death. More than 13,000 people have been legally executed since colonial times, most of them in the early 20th Century. By the 1930s, as many as 150 people were executed each year. However, public outrage and legal challenges caused
Reasearch On Voodoo
Reasearch On Voodoo
Reasearch On Voodoo Word Count: 1985 Voodoo and It’s Misinterpretation in America Voodoo is a religion rich in heiratage and founded in faith and community. The religion has been villianized by western culture and has been wrongly protrayed as malignant and dangerous. The religion is not founded in any of the “black magics” or fear popularized by Hollywood films, but rather it is based on balance and tradition. The religion is not something which should be encountered with inhibition or fear in
Saint Augustine
Saint Augustine
Saint Augustine Word Count: 865 Saint Augustine was born on 354 CE in Tagaste, Africa. His given name was Aurelius Augustinus. His father was Patricius, a pagan who was baptized Christian before he died, and his mother was Monica, a baptized Christian with an influential role in the life of her son. Augustine is regarded as one of the most intelligent Christian theologians and bishops of all time. His works and actions have left a major imprint on the Church and its doctrine. As a boy, Augustin
Ebola
Ebola
Ebola Ebola Ebola hemorrahagic fever is a 20 year old virus that, with a mortality rate of 50% to 90%, is one of the world\'s deadliest viruses. Its causative organism is called Ebola virus. Ebola virus is a member of filoviridae, a family of negative-strained RNA viruses. The filoviridae family consists of five known members, Marburg, Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Ebola Reston, and Ebola Tai. Ebola virus is spread in a number of ways. An outbreak starts when an infected animal or insect, called a
Evolution of Immunity and the Invertebrates
Evolution of Immunity and the Invertebrates
Evolution of Immunity and the Invertebrates Evolution of Immunity and the Invertebrates Article Summery Name: Immunity and the Invertebrates Periodical: Scientific American Nov, 1996 Author: Gregory Beck and Gail S. Habicht Pages: 60 - 71 Total Pages Read: 9 The complex immune systems of humans and other mammals evolved over quite a long time - in some rather surprising ways. In 1982 a Russian zoologist named Elie Metchnikoff noticed a unique property of starfish larva. When he inserted a f
Fire Ants
Fire Ants
Fire Ants Fire Ants Fire ants have been in the United States for over sixty years, and almost every American that lives in or frequently visits the quarantined states which they inhabit has had an unpleasant run in with these troublesome critters. Inhabitants of the Southeast who have ever stood unwittingly atop a fire ant mound know that the insects are aptly named. When the ants sting it creates a sensation similar to scorching caused by a hot needle touching the skin momentarily (1. Tschinke
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome Word Count: 3324 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is a recently recognized disease. It is caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks selected cells in the IMMUNE SYSTEM and produces defects in function. These defects may not be apparent for years. They lead, however, to a severe suppression of the immune system\'s ability to resist harmful organisms. This leaves the body open to invasion by various infections,
AIDS. Is the message getting through?
AIDS. Is the message getting through?
AIDS. Is the message getting through? Word Count: 3328 AIDS - What\'s new ? ------------------- Is the message getting through? We already know enough about AIDS to prevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory testing, enforced quarantine or total celibacy. But too few people are heeding the
An End To Genetic Diseases
An End To Genetic Diseases
An End To Genetic Diseases Word Count: 4719 The United States has a very diverse heritage. There is no American race. Americans are the blending of many cultures throughout many generations. With this blending of cultures comes a blending of genes. In the past, genes have not been well understood. They were not understood until Mendel did experiments on plants to find out why different plants of the same species had different characteristics. His goal was to find the key to unlock the mystery o
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Biotechnology Word Count: 27916 Biotechnology: Its application in agriculture Introduction: Persuade public to become aware of the changes Persuade audience to think about where they stand on this very important issue and take action according to your decision. Labeling and careful regulation of genetically manufactured foods v Persuade the American Public to think about the following changes that are being made in Agriculture as a society wish should discuss the issue. v Control genetic techno
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus Word Count: 2214 DIABETES MELLITUS In the United States, about 16 million people suffer from diabetes mellitus, although only half of these individuals are diagnosed. Every year, about 650,000 people learn they have the disease. Diabetes mellitus is the seventh leading cause of all deaths and the sixth leading cause of all deaths caused by disease. Diabetes is the most common in adults over 45 years of age; in people who are overweight or physically inactive; in individuals wh
Volcano Mount Vesuvius
Volcano Mount Vesuvius
Volcano Mount Vesuvius Word Count: 3757 Mount Vesuvius is a volcano located in southern Italy, near the bay of Naples and the city of Naples. It is the only active volcano on the European mainland. Vesuvius rises to a height of 1277 m (4190 ft). Vesuvio (Vesuvius) is probably the most famous volcano on earth, and is one of the most dangerous. Mount Vesuvius is a strato-volcano consisting of a volcanic cone (Gran Cono) that was built within a summit caldera (Mount Somma). The Somma-Vesuvius comp
Marriages are made, not in heaven, but by wonderfu
Marriages are made, not in heaven, but by wonderfu
Marriages are made, not in heaven, but by wonderfully fallible human beings who hope for the best, but who often do precious little to make this most challenging and complicated relationship work. From the very first couple and their differing view point over the apple to modern times, men and women have always disagreed. Both sexes are born with inherently different personality traits. Although mankind knows they will never see eye to eye with the opposite; they still are attracted to them, pe
Chimpanzee
Chimpanzee
Chimpanzee Chimpanzee The acts of cannibalism and infanticide are very apparent in the behavior of the chimpanzee. Many African studies show that wild chimpanzees kill and eat infants of their own species. (Goodall, 1986:151) Although there is not a clear answer why chimps engage in this very violent and sometimes gruesome behavior there are many ideas and suggestions. This essay will deal with chimpanzee aggression, cannibalism and infanticide. This paper will present information on major rese