History Page 3

Edgar Allan Poe was a bizarre and often scary writ
Edgar Allan Poe was a bizarre and often scary writ
Edgar Allan Poe was a bizarre and often scary writer. People throughout history have often wondered why his writings were so fantastically different and unusual. They were not the result of a diseased mind, as some think. Rather they came from a tense and miserable life. Edgar Allan Poe was not a happy man. He was a victim of fate from the moment he was born to his death only forty years later. He died alone and unappreciated. It is quite obvious that his life affected his writings in a great w
I was once called the most dangerous woman in Amer
I was once called the most dangerous woman in Amer
I was once called the most dangerous woman in America because I dared to ask for the unthinkable- the right to vote. I challenged my culture\'s basic assumptions about men and women, and dedicated my life to the pursuit of equal rights for all women. My name is Elizabeth Cady Stanton. I was born in Johnstown, New York, on the 12th of November, 1815. My father is the prominent attorney and judge Daniel Cady and my mother is Margaret Livingston Cady. I was born the seventh child and middle daught
Emilie du Chatelet
Emilie du Chatelet
Emilie du Chatelet Emilie du Chatelet grew up in a society where there were not many education opportunities for women. She was born in Paris on December 17, 1706 and grew up in a household where marriage was the only way one could improve their place in society. During her early childhood, Emilie began to show such promise in the area of academics that soon she was able to convince her father that she was a genius who needed attention. Provided with good education, she studied and soon mastere
The year 1830 is a crucial date in English history
The year 1830 is a crucial date in English history
The year 1830 is a crucial date in English history. You see, this is the year that one of the most influential poets in the world was born. Emily Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, an old fashioned Puritan town. Rarely did she go outside to meet strangers or walk in the garden. Emily felt uncomfortable outside of her house and even if she did travel, it wasn\'t for more than one hour. She was greatly impacted by her father, who was a lawyer, politician, and treasurer of Amherst Colle
A Life Interrupted
A Life Interrupted
A Life Interrupted By: Taylor Evans Born September 7, 1963, Eric Eazy-E Wright\'s early reputation on the streets of Compton, California, was a hustler eager to apply his street knowledge to his legitimate game. He dropped out of high school in the tenth grade, but refused that to interrupt his success. In the late \'80\'s he turned to rap music. Along with Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, DJ Yella, and M.C. Ren established the most successful and controversial rap group in history. As N.W.A, they blasted
Evita: Saint or Sinner?
Evita: Saint or Sinner?
Evita: Saint or Sinner? The story of Eva Peron is a fascinating one . Evita, as she is known, enjoyed a rise to power like no other. The details of this ascension are often disputed, making Santa Evita\'s tale all the more intriguing. . . Maria Eva Duarte was born on May 7, 1919,1 the fifth and youngest illegitimate child of Juan Duarte and his mistress, Juan Ibarguen. The week of her birth was known as Tragic Week, when the army massacred striking workers, perhaps a foreshadow of what was to c
In 1949 the most familiar scene in Argentina was t
In 1949 the most familiar scene in Argentina was t
In 1949 the most familiar scene in Argentina was the one played out almost daily at the Ministry of Labor in Buenos Aires. There, under the glare of camera lights, a former radio star and movie actress, now the most powerful woman in South America, would enter her office past a crush of adoring, impoverished women and children. Evita Peron, the wife of President Juan Peron, would sit at her desk and begin one of the great rituals of Peronism, the political movement she and her husband created.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is known as one of the most important American writers of his time. He wrote about the troubling time period in which he lived known as the Jazz Age. During this era people were either rich or dreamt of great wealth. Fitzgerald fell into the trap of wanting to be wealthy, and suffered great personal anguish because of these driving forces. I have chosen to write a term paper on F.Scott Fitzgerald. The goal of this presentation is to show F. Scott
Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin
Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin
Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin Word Count: 2114 Vladimir Ilyich Lenin The most dedicated leader of the revolution, and future leader of the Bolshevik Party in Russia, was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. He was born in 1870 in Simbirsk, Russia, a small town on the Volga River, to a family of hereditary nobles that were not wealt but quite comfortable. Vladimir Ulyanov, who would later change his name to Lenin, was the third of seven children. His oldest brother, Aleksandr, was hanged in May of 1887
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Gabriel Garcia Marquez Word Count: 5965 Gabriel Gárcia Márquez Gabriel José García Márquez was born on March 6, 1928 in Aracataca, a town in Northern Colombia, where he was raised by his maternal grandparents in a house filled with countless aunts and the rumors of ghosts. But in order to get a better grasp on García Márquez\'s life, it helps to understand something first about both the history of Colombia and the unusual background of his family. Colombia Colombia won its independence from Spa
We read books for a number of reasons but usually
We read books for a number of reasons but usually
We read books for a number of reasons but usually because we want to or we have to. When you pick up a book it falls into one of three types, dependent on whether it is a want to or a have to type of book. First there\'s the kind of book you pick up and like the look of but then the first chapter is so bad that you have to put it down because you are either too confused by the plot or you discover it has been written in some obscure untranslatable language. The second type is where the first ch
George Washington
George Washington
George Washington He was born 1732 and he died in1799. George Washington seems today a figure larger than life itself…..almost as he was when he was a familiar person in the halls, homes, shops, and bars of 18th-century city Williamsburg. On Duke of Gloucester Street, in the Raleigh Tavern\'s Apollo Room, or the Governor\'s Palace Gardens, his powerful frame and his nice attitude..his presence….drew to him the notice that wrote his place in the history of the city, the state, and the nation. H
Jason Platko
Jason Platko
Jason Platko Mrs. Pena English 28 May, 1996 Everyone is destined to be great for a moment in their lives. For Gerard Manley Hopkins this was difficult. Gerard was a poet that came way before his time and people didn\'t realize the power he had with words. Gerard Manley Hopkins was one of the most original poets to write in English at any time period. He only lived for 45 years and only had three of his poems published during his lifetime. Gerard was torn between his love of God and his love of
5/6/96
5/6/96
5/6/96 World History Honors Mrs. Moffitt Period 0 McAuley, Karen. Golda Meir New York. Chelsea House Publishers, 1985. The state of Israel, established on May 14, 1948, had many great leaders that helped it to become a state. One of them was Golda Meir. Golda Meir was one of the most energetic and hardworking women in the world. Without her help, it is possible that Israel would have never survived as a state in an area surrounded by Arabs. With all of the hard work that Golda did for her count
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ţUG  °T Đ ˙˙˙˙˙˙˙˙  L 5 
ţUG  °T Đ ˙˙˙˙˙˙˙˙  L 5        #      ŕ=Đ/ Đ8 # Steven Wood Jerry Erath Essay 4 December 12, 1996 Hank Williams, Jr. Hank Williams, Jr. was meant to be a superstar from the day he was born. His father, the legendary Hank Williams, and mother, Audrey Sheppard, both played an intricate part in his early stardom. Hank had to overcome many obstacles in his life including escaping from his father\'s shadow and a near death experience in 1975. Hank\'s many triumphs, and h
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe Word Count: 447 Harriet Beecher Stowe was a high class women, reformer, and writer in the 1800’s. She wrote many anti-slavery documents that helped reform society. You may know her as the writer of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, the best-selling book in the 1800’s about how bad slavery was. Because of the encouragement if her husband, Calvin E. Stowe, she became one of the most famous writers, reformers, and abolitionist women of the 1800’s. Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe was born on
Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler Word Count: 1920 Reichsfuhrer-SS, head of the Gestapo and the Waffen-SS, Minister of the Interior from 1943 to 1945 and organizer of the mass murder of Jews in the Third Reich, Heinrich Himmler was born in Munich on 7 October 1900. The son of a pious, authoritarian Roman Catholic schoolmaster who had once been tutor to the Bavarian Crown Prince, Himmler was educated at a secondary school in Landshut. He served as an officer cadet in the Eleventh Bavarian Regiment at the end of
HERMAN MELVILLE
HERMAN MELVILLE
: HERMAN MELVILLE: A BIOGRAPHY AND ANALYSIS Ě English III Jon Clausen Saturday, March 15, 1997 Leave this page blank CONTENTS PREFACE, OR ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ii I. INTRODUCTION 1 II. CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 1 n III. CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 2 n IV. CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 3 n V. CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 4 n VI. CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 5 n APPENDIX n SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY n LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 1. Illustration 1 n 2. Illustration 2 n 3. Illustration 3 n 4. Illustration 4 n 5. Illustratio
Hippocrates
Hippocrates
Hippocrates Word Count: 718 Hippocrates, the central historical figure in Greek medicine, was born in Kos between 470-460 B.C. He was born of an ancestor of Aselepios, the son of Apollo, named Heraklides. He greatened his education by traveling. He traveled often and widely before he settled in Kos to practice and teach medicine. Hippocrates taught in Athens and worked on squaring the circle and also worked on duplicating the cube. He grew far in these areas and although his work is not lost, i
1. THE BEGINNING
1. THE BEGINNING
1. THE BEGINNING   At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara.   As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks in most o
Ira Aldridge
Ira Aldridge
Ira Aldridge Word Count: 1833 Ira Frederick Aldridge was born on July 24, 1807 in New York. However, his birthplace remained questionable until 40 or so years ago. It has also been listed as Senegal(Africa), and Maryland. However conclusive evidence was found in the 1950s that he was born in New York. Included in this evidence are his British Naturalization papers and Death Certificate. His father was Reverend Daniel Adlridge , a straw vendor and preacher in Old Zion . His mother was Lurranah.
Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac Word Count: 1861 In the beginning Jack Kerouac lived a wild and exciting life outside the realm of everyday normal American life. Though On the Road and The Dharma Bums were Kerouac\'s only commercial sucesses, he was a man who changed American literature and pop-culture. Kerouac virtually created a life-style devoted to life, art, literature, music, and poetry. When his movement grew out of his control, he came to despise it, and died lonely on the other side of what he once loved
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
: James Earl Jones: A Voice in the Crowd March 19, 1996 This page intentionally left blank People all around the world know the voice of James Earl Jones. From Star Wars fans listening to the voice of Darth Vader to news junkies who hear a voice that dramatically intones AThis is [email protected] just before all the cable network=s station breaks to children who hear the stately voice of the majestic Mufasa, the king of the jungle in Walt Disney Pictures= animated The Lion King - people know this deep harmon
JFK: His Life and Legacy
JFK: His Life and Legacy
JFK: His Life and Legacy On November 22, 1963, while being driven through the streets of Dallas, Texas, in his open car, President John F. Kennedy was shot dead, apparently by the lone gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald. The world had not only lost a common man, but a great leader of men. >From his heroic actions in World War II to his presidency, making the decisions to avert possible nuclear conflict with world superpowers, greatness can be seen. Kennedy also found the time to author several best-sell
JFK:  John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th pr
JFK:  John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th pr
JFK JFK: John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States of America. He grew up in a family of political leaders and then became one himself. During his lifetime he had many accomplishments, both personal and political; he had a beautiful wife, and a wonderful family, he wrote award winning novels, started the Peace Corps, and he broke the barrier between us and the Soviet Union, among many others which will be discussed later. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
JFK: His Life And Legacy
JFK: His Life And Legacy
JFK: His Life And Legacy Word Count: 2763 On November 22, 1963, while being driven through the streets of Dallas, Texas, in his open car, President John F. Kennedy was shot dead, apparently by the lone gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald. The world had not only lost a common man, but a great leader of men. From his heroic actions in World War II to his presidency, making the decisions to avert possible nuclear conflict with world superpowers, greatness can be seen. Kennedy also found the time to author s
Jim Morrison And Order & Chaos
Jim Morrison And Order & Chaos
Jim Morrison And Order & Chaos Word Count: 2496 Jim Morrison’s life is full of twists and turns. Yet, despite this he still managed to keep control of himself to create well-organized works of music as well as his poems. His social life started out to be the safe variable and when he was on stage he let loose giving crazy shows for the audience. As his life went on his two lives began to blend into one big blunder where you could only see tiny specs of so-called order. As well as Jim’s life , t
JOAN OF ARC
JOAN OF ARC
JOAN OF ARC A French saint and a heroine in the Hundred Years\' war was Joan of Arc. This farm girl helped save the French from English command and was often called the Maid Orleans and the Maid of France. Her inspiration led the French to many victories. Joan Of Arc (In French Jeanne d\'Arc) was born around 1412, in the village of Domremy, France. She was a peasant girl who, like many girls of that time, could not read or write. Her father, Jacques, was a wealthy tenant farmer and her mother,
Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach Word Count: 741 Johann Sebastian Bach was one of the greatest composers in Western musical history. More than 1,000 of his compositions survive. Some examples are the Art of Fugue, Brandenburg Concerti, the Goldberg Variations for Harpsichord, the Mass in B- Minor, the motets, the Easter and Christmas oratorios, Toccata in F Major, French Suite No 5, Fugue in G Major, Fugue in G Minor ( The Great ), St. Matthew Passion, and Jesu Der Du Meine Seele. He came from a family of
John Adams, who became the second president of the
John Adams, who became the second president of the
John Adams, who became the second president of the United States, has been accused by some historians of being the closest thing America ever had to a dictator or monarch (Onuf, 1993). Such strong accusations should be examined in the context of the era in which Mr. Adams lived and served. A closer examination of the historical events occurring during his vice presidency and his term as president, strongly suggests that Adams was not, in fact, a dictator. Indeed, except for his lack of charisma
JOHN LENNON
JOHN LENNON
JOHN LENNON BY: UNKNOWN John Lennon was a great song writer and musician. He played the rhythm guitar, the piano, and sang. He was in the most popular group in the history of rock music. In 1959, John founded this group, called The Beatles. The original Beatles were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Pete Best. Brian Epstein became the manager of the Beatles in 1961. Epstein made many changes in the group. John rebelled and did not want to package and clean up the group in or
John Marshall: The Great Chief Justice
John Marshall: The Great Chief Justice
John Marshall: The Great Chief Justice John Marshall was born in Fauquier County, Virginia on September 4, 1755. He was the first son of Thomas Marshall and Mary Randolph Keith. His role in American history is undoubtedly a very important one. As a boy, Marshall was educated by his father. He learned to read and write, along with some lessons in history and poetry. At the age of fourteen, he was sent away to school, and a year later he returned home to be tutored by a Scottish pastor who lived
John Steinbeck
John Steinbeck
John Steinbeck A Common Man’s Man “I never wrote two books alike”, once said John Steinbeck (Shaw, 10). That may be true, but I think that he wrote many of his novels and short stories based on many of the same views. He often focused on social problems, like the “haves” verses the “have nots, and made the reader want to encourage the underdog. Steinbeck’s back ground and concern for the common man made him one of the best writers for human rights. John Steinbeck was born in Salians, Californi
John F Kennedy
John F Kennedy
John F Kennedy John F. Kennedy graduated from Harvard in 1940, and soon after he entered the Navy. In 1943, when his PT boat was rammed and sunk by a Japanese destroyer, Kennedy, despite serious injuries, led the survivors through perilous waters to safety. =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: CHOOSE ONE [Paper Title]: [Text]: John F. Kennedy graduated from Harvard in 1940, and soon after he entered the Navy. In 1
From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for
From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for
From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for cures of illness. Jonas Salk found a cure for one of the worst illnesses in the history of man, polio. Jonas Salk\'s polio vaccine was a great discovery of his time, and it is still being used today to eradicate polio worldwide. Dr. Salk is also known for other medical discoveries. He was a quiet man who lived a rough childhood. He was not looking for fame, instead, it found him. During the time before the vaccine, many people, mostly parents wi
The Kalapalo Indians of Central Brazil are one of
The Kalapalo Indians of Central Brazil are one of
The Kalapalo Indians of Central Brazil are one of a few surviving indigenous cultures that is uniquely protected by a national reserve in lowland South America. Through no effort of there own, they have been isolated artificially from Brazilian social and economic influences that reach almost every other Indian tribe in Brazil. This unusual situation has made it possible for the Kalapalo’s culture to be undisturbed by the outside world and the surrounding tribes. Much of Kalapalo life is run th
Karl Marx was a German scholar who lived in the ni
Karl Marx was a German scholar who lived in the ni
  Karl Marx was a German scholar who lived in the nineteenth century. He spent most of his life studying, thinking and writing about history and economics. A many years of study, much of it spent in England, he believed that he understood more deeply than anyone who had ever lived before him why there is injustice i world.   He said that all injustice and inequality is a result of one underlying conflict in society. He called it a \'class struggle\', that is, a conflict bet the class of people
Karl Marx
Karl Marx
Karl Marx Word Count: 811 The late 1800\'s was a time period where new ideas, theories, and philosophies ran through the minds of many young people. Amongst them was a man be the name of Karl Marx who stood out in the crowd. Known as a man of great integrity and intelligence, Marx was thought to be one of the greatest thinkers of all time. Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx: 2nd Edition by Robert C. Tucker is a book about Marx and his philosophies. Robert C. Tucker in this book ventures out to cr
Kim Campbell
Kim Campbell
Kim Campbell Word Count: 745 Kim Campbell, Canada\'s first female Prime Minister, rose quickly in her political standings reaching, what she would find to be the height of her career only seven years after entering politics. It appeared like the loss of the 1993 election and the all around destruction of the Progressive Conservative party was completely Kim Campbell’s fault however actually was a joint effort by Brian Mulroney and Kim Campbell. Kim Campbell rose so quickly in her political stat
A look Into the Life and Career of a Legend;
A look Into the Life and Career of a Legend;
A look Into the Life and Career of a Legend; A Proposal Kurt Donald Cobain was the lead singer/songwriter of the band Nirvana, until April 5 1994 when he committed suicide. Troubled by depression, chronic stomach problems, and an addiction to heroin, his ailments in his personal life showed through in his music. His music evolved from the hard “punk” sound of their first album, to the intelligent “tell all” tales of his fourth and final album In Utero. Through his music he changed an era of “lo
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci Word Count: 340 Leonardo da Vinci, perhaps the greatest man in history, invented thousands of things including the helicopter, tank and portable bridge. Leonardo was not only an inventor ,but a sculptor, an artist and an architect. He was born 1452 in the small town of Vinci ,in Tuscany. His father was a wealthy notary and his mother a peasant woman. In the mid 1460s the family moved to Florence here he was given the best education Florence could offer. He advanced rapidly soc
Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci Leonardo Da Vinci: Leonardo Da Vinci was born was born in the town of Vinci, Italy, in 1452 on April 15, a natural child of ser Piero. Ser Piero was a successful government official, and his mother, Caterina, a peasant girl in service with the family. Leonardo spent his early years on his family’s farm. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: Biographies [Paper Title]: Leonardo Da Vinci [Text]: Leo
Book Summary/Contents
Book Summary/Contents
Book Summary/Contents Andrew Jackson, in the author’s words, was mild, polite, polished, benevolent, and democratic. It would not be in anyone’s favor to question the validity of the his words, but to understand them with unrestrained faith in those words will help to insure complete insight into the book. Moreover, this book stresses the immortal fact that Jackson’s private life had as much irony and agony as his political/outside life did. With those factors understood, Jackson’s life and t
Life Of Napoelan Bonaparte
Life Of Napoelan Bonaparte
Life Of Napoelan Bonaparte Word Count: 1629 Few individuals have come along that have captivated the imaginations of their contemporaries and of historians. Perhaps the most prolific of these characters is Napoleon Bonaparte. The part of his life often found most intriguing was his humble beginnings. Here, like some Hollywood movie is the tale of an exceptional man whose intelligence and rise from the bottom is eventually defeated by his flaws, which cause him to fall from power. He was born in
Margaret Mead
Margaret Mead
Margaret Mead Word Count: 301 Margaret Mead was a great scientist, explorer, writer, and teacher, who educated the human race in many different ways. In the next few paragraphs I will discuss the different ways Margaret Mead, Anthropologist, effected our society. Margaret Mead was born in Philadelphia on December 16, 1901, and was educated at Barnard College and at Columbia University. In 1926 she became assistant curator of ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City,
Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher Word Count: 1176 MARGARET THATCHER Margaret Thatcher was the Prime Minister of Great Britian. Margaret changed many policies and she also defended strongly other government policies. An example of this was when Margaret Thatcher was Secretary of state for education and science. The government had to cut school funding by $300 million. She didn’t want to cut anything that had to do with the students missing out of education. It was her duty to provide the best education for the
Mark Twain
Mark Twain
Mark Twain Mark Twain\'s works are some of the best I\'ve ever read. I love the way he brings you into the story, especially with the dialogue used, like in Tom Sawyer or Huckleberry Finn. Mark Twain is my favorite dead author. Mark Twain was never Mark Twain at all. That was only his pen name. His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Samuel was born in Florida, Missouri in 1835. He accomplished worldwide fame during his lifetime for being a great author, lecturer, satirist, and humorist.
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther, his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. In 1501, at th
Mary Shelley
Mary Shelley
Mary Shelley Word Count: 602 Mary Shelley: Bride of Frankenstein Authors have written horror novels with old props of haunted castles and moonlit dagger scenes for ages. However, there is one author deserving of significant commemorations for her horrific novel, Frankenstein. Mary Shelley, author of the most notable gothic novel of all times, inspires authors who read her work. Mary Shelley’s professional life as her husband’s editor, a novelist, and a poet began in 1816, in Scotland when she b
Mary Todd Lincoln
Mary Todd Lincoln
Mary Todd Lincoln Mary Todd Lincoln: Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, wife of the sixteenth President of the United States, was born December 13, 1818, in Lexington, Kentucky to Robert and Eliza Parker Todd. She was raised in a wealthy, yet dysfunctional family. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: Biographies [Paper Title]: Mary Todd Lincoln [Text]: Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, wife of the sixteenth President of the United Stat