History Page 8

The AT+T Corporation, formerly known as The Americ
The AT+T Corporation, formerly known as The Americ
The AT+T Corporation, formerly known as The American Telephone and Telegraph Company, was incorporated on March 3, 1885 in New York as a wholly owned subsidiary of The American Bell Telephone Company. Its original purpose was to manage and expand the burgeoning toll (long distance) business of American Bell and its licensees. It continued as the long distance company until December 30, 1899 when it assumed the business and property of American Bell and became the parent company of the Bell Syst
Economic Consequences of Software Crime
Economic Consequences of Software Crime
Economic Consequences of Software Crime Word Count: 3865 Economic Consequences of Software Crime In 1996 worldwide illegal copying of domestic and international software cost $15.2 billion to the software industry, with a loss of $5.1 billion in the North America alone. Some sources put the total up-to-date losses, due to software crime, as high as $4.7 trillion. On the next page is a regional breakdown of software piracy losses for 1994. Estimates show that over 40 percent of North American so
Establishing and Maintaining Good Client Relations
Establishing and Maintaining Good Client Relations
Establishing and Maintaining Good Client Relations Word Count: 1203 Total Quality Management, customer satisfaction index, zero defects, client service - all are buzzwords of management in the 1990s. Yet what is all this about anyway? After all, lawyers and law firms successfully made it through the \'80s without all the commotion about quality and service. Why all the fuss now? Is this just another fad, some passing fancy that will come and go like Hula-Hoops, disco dancing or designer jeans?
EVALUATING NORTH AMERICAN HEALTH SYSTEMS
EVALUATING NORTH AMERICAN HEALTH SYSTEMS
EVALUATING NORTH AMERICAN HEALTH SYSTEMS Word Count: 1693 INTRODUCTION Compensating the affairs of economic efficiency with the demands of sociopolitical rights is a constant source of tension in Canada and the United States alike. In no other element is this tension more apparent than in the group of complex markets we call the health care system. Canadians have been fortunate enough to receive a universal health care system for nearly forty years. This is a single-payer system funded by the g
Explain why it has proved impossible to derive an
Explain why it has proved impossible to derive an
Explain why it has proved impossible to derive an analytical formula for valuing American Puts, and outline the main techniques that are used to produce approximate valuations for such securities Investing in stock options is a way used by investors to hedge against risk. It is simply because all the investors could lose if the option is not exercised before the expiration rate is just the option price (that is the premium) that he or she has paid earlier. Call options give the investor the rig
To my amazement the Great Depression serves as a n
To my amazement the Great Depression serves as a n
To my amazement the Great Depression serves as a natural debating point that justifies or refutes various economic policies. The Great Depression and the New Deal are complex topics that are open to many interpretations. The Great Depression was the worst economic slump ever in U.S. history, and one which spread to virtually all of the industrialized world. Seeing the order in which events actually occurred dispels many myths about the Great Depression. One of the greatest of these myths is
Farmland Industries Inc.
Farmland Industries Inc.
Farmland Industries Inc. Word Count: 3137 Introduction Today, when we hear the slogans better farming, better food, or proud to be farmer owned one company comes to mind, Farmland Industries. We may think of this of this fortune 500 company as a leading agricultural powerhouse, which it is, however, it was not always that way. Background Farmland Industries Inc. was founded by Howard A. Cowden, who was born and raised in Southwestern Missouri. Cowden started young in the cooperative business by
The soaring volume of international finance and in
The soaring volume of international finance and in
The soaring volume of international finance and increased interdependence in recent decades has increased concerns about volatility and threats of a financial crisis. This has led many to investigate and analyze the origins, transmission, effects and policies aimed to impede financial instability. This paper argues that financial liberalization and speculation are the most reflective explanations for instability in financial markets and that financial instability is likely to be transmitted glo
A strong culture is one that has dependency upon i
A strong culture is one that has dependency upon i
A strong culture is one that has dependency upon itself along with outside resources. The economy is hard if nearly impossible to predict, and this puts severe strain on a community that is dependent on one employer. Cleveland, Pittsburgh, and Flint are examples of these types of communities. When a manufacturing process or company pulls out of a city, many problems arise. Flint is a city which has had a significant portion of an industry leave. GM used to be the heart of Flint, until the decis
Floating Exchange Rates: The Only Viable Solution
Floating Exchange Rates: The Only Viable Solution
Floating Exchange Rates: The Only Viable Solution Stentor Smith For some, the collapse of Mexico\'s economy proves that floating exchange rates and markets without capital controls are deadly. Others find the crash of the European exchange-rate mechanism (ERM) in 1993 to be proof that targeted rates will always be overturned by the free market. Many see the breakup of Bretton Woods as the failure of fixed rates. Yet others believe monetary unification in Europe is the only way to achieve econom
Foreign Investment In Brazil
Foreign Investment In Brazil
Foreign Investment In Brazil Word Count: 2243 INTRODUCTION “For those who believed that Brazil would forever be the country of the future, I have a piece of bad news. The future has finally arrived.” For years, the largest and most industrialized nation in Latin America has been known as the country of tomorrow. That slogan may soon be out of date. Under the guidance of former finance minister and current president, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, this tenth largest economy in the world, once known
General Motors - Financial Ratio Analysis
General Motors - Financial Ratio Analysis
General Motors - Financial Ratio Analysis I. General Motors History Highlights In its early years the automobile industry consisted of hundreds of firms, each producing a few models. William Durant, who bought and reorganized a failing Buick Motors in 1904, determined that if several automobile makers would unite, it would increase the protection for the group. He formed the General Motors Company in Flint, Michigan, in 1908. Durant had bought 17 companies (including Oldsmobile, Cadillac, and P
Goverment Spending
Goverment Spending
Goverment Spending Word Count: 2744 Government Spending Budget As many Federal departments and agencies lurch into an era of running without funds, the leaders of both parties of Congress are spending less and less time searching for a compromise to balance the budget, and more and more time deciding how to use it to their advantage on the campaign trail. Meanwhile money is easily borrowed to pay for government overhead. In an attempt to change this, on June 29, Congress voted in favor of HConR
When Alan Greenspan presented the Federal Reserve'
When Alan Greenspan presented the Federal Reserve'
When Alan Greenspan presented the Federal Reserve\'s semi-annual report on monetary policy to the Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, the Committee on Banking and Financial Services, and the U.S. House of Representatives on February, Dr. Greenspan touted a cautionary yet favorable view of the U.S. economy. He states that With inflationary pressures apparently receding, the previous degree of restraint in monetary policy was no longer deemed necessary, and the FOMC conse
Growth Of NYS Business
Growth Of NYS Business
Growth Of NYS Business Word Count: 1348 April 17, 1996 For a number of reasons, business enterprise in New York grew by leaps and bounds between 1825 and 1860. New York\'s growth between the years 1825 and 1860 can be attributed to a number of factors. These include but cannot be limited to the construction of the Erie Canal, the invention of the telegraph, the developed of the railroads, the establishment of Wall Street and banking, the textile, shipping, agriculture and newpaper industries, t
Has Technology Made Strategy Obsolete?
Has Technology Made Strategy Obsolete?
Has Technology Made Strategy Obsolete? Word Count: 1511 Has Technology Made Strategy Obsolete? It has been said that, improvements in technology for waging war have made strategy increasingly irrelevant. This is not the case; strategy is actually becoming more important with the development of more sophisticated military technology. Firstly it must be clearly defined how strategy and technology relate to each other. There have been many different views on what, in effect, constitutes strategy.
Hiring Minorities
Hiring Minorities
Hiring Minorities In recent years preferential hiring has become an issue of great interest. Preferential hiring, which was devised to create harmony between the different races and sexes, has divided the lines even more. Supporters on both sides seem fixed in their positions and often refuse to listen to the other group’s platform. In this essay, the recipients of preferential hiring will be either black or female, and the position in question will be a professorship on the university level. T
History of Advertising
History of Advertising
History of Advertising This Essay is for People that are in VCE up to Elderly People Advertising is dated back to the Christian Era. One of the first known methods of advertising was outdoor signs, they would be painted on the wall of a building and were usually very eye catching. Archaeologists have found signs in the ruins of ancient Rome and Pompeii which advertised travelers to go to a tavern situated in another town. In about the 1440’s there was an invention of a movable-type of advertisi
Japan has performed a miracle. The country's econo
Japan has performed a miracle. The country's econo
Japan has performed a miracle. The country\'s economic performance following its crushing defeat in World War II is nothing short of astounding. The economic expansion of Japan is second to none. All of the elements are in place for Japan to continue increasing its share of the world\'s wealth as America\'s gradually declines. The country is on track to becoming the world\'s largest economy. How did Japan do it? There are many theories and studies that have traced the Japanese miracle without s
How Far Can Business Methods Developed In One Coun
How Far Can Business Methods Developed In One Coun
How Far Can Business Methods Developed In One Country Be Applied In A Totally Different Country? Illustrate Your Answer With Reference To The Application Of Japanese Business Methods. Word Count: 1818 The question states the transferability of business methods from one country to another, via Japanese techniques. However, in order to answer, we must define the term culture, as the term culture encompasses business methods, i.e. in order to adopt foreign business methods we must adopt its cultur
HRM - Ever Evoloving
HRM - Ever Evoloving
HRM - Ever Evoloving Word Count: 4234 Outline Thesis Statement: Advances in technology along with shifts in the nations’ social structure heavily impact the workplace environment, creating a need for new management models in Human Resources. I. The Changing Workplace A. An Historical Perspective of Jobs in America B. Jobs in the 21st Century II. Identifying Corporate Needs A. The Emergence of Human Resource Management as a Component of General Management. B. Corporate Expectations III. Developi
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION The goal of all corporations is to increase shareholder wealth. Shareholder wealth is increased is by increasing the corporation’s profit. In a corporation involved in manufacturing, reducing the cost of the factors of production is essential for growth. One of the major components of production costs is labor. When in comes to labor costs, the corporation and the worker usually have very different goals. The corporation wants to pay the worker as little as possible, while maintain
Information Rules
Information Rules
Information Rules Information Rules: In this book Carl Shapiro and Hal R. Varian provide an overview of the competitive playing field of the network economy, and highlight the key economic rules that govern it. They assert that one does not need a New Economics to understand the New Economy: the basic economic principles needed to develop business strategy remain the same. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: Bus
Internationalization of Accounting Standards for C
Internationalization of Accounting Standards for C
Internationalization of Accounting Standards for Consolidation Japan: A Case Study The purpose of this paper will be to examine problems with internationalization of accounting standards for consolidations on methods from an international perspective - specifically, in the US and Japan. This is an especially timely topic as standardization of financial markets is a prerequisite to international free trade. Given the trends toward greater globalization, the motivations of companies for seeking a
BECOA Report on
BECOA Report on
BECOA Report on Investing Currencies in the Far East Prepared by: Brad Saunders Introduction In the world today, the possibilities are endless for people who want to make money. These opportunities may exist in the form of a bond, currency, stock, or business venture, but the common tie between them is that it is possible to make money if you research the market and impose the proper strategic plans. In this report, the issue of investing money in the currency markets of the Far East will be my
Over the past twenty or so years, great wealth and
Over the past twenty or so years, great wealth and
Over the past twenty or so years, great wealth and improved economic and social conditions have been promised to the communities that have embraced legalized gambling. However, with twenty years of experience it is time to look back and analyze whether this is true or not. It could easily be said that gambling is as American as apple pie. Gambling has shaped American history since its beginning. Lotteries were used by The First Continental Congress to help finance the Revolutionary war. Many of
Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1An investigat
Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1An investigat
Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1An investigation of Japanese corporate culture, its trends and changes. Table of Contents1.0 Introduction 2.0 Procedure 3.0 Findings 3.1 Changing social culture. 3.2 Business Culture in Japan 3.3 Why change is needed 3.4 What is Japan and her corporations doing to develop and change 4.0 Conclusion 5.0 Bibliography Japanese Business & CultureAn investigation Japanese corporate culture, its trends and changes.1.0 IntroductionThis report is based around the fol
Labor unions are groups or clubs of workers and em
Labor unions are groups or clubs of workers and em
Labor unions are groups or clubs of workers and employees who bond together to get good working conditions, fair pay, and fair hours for their labor. For example, in a newspaper, all the people who work the presses might all belong to one union. All of the artists, who are responsible for the artistic layout, might belong to another. These unions are usually joined together, and most unions in America are some branch of the largest labor union organization in the United States, the AFL-CIO. The
Marketing Project
Marketing Project
Marketing Project Introduction In the ever changing technological era of the soon to be 21st century, electronic advancements have amazed us all. Unfortunately, the educational gap for the common man/woman as a computer end user has left many far behind. There are those who know and those who don\'t. This gap is the anchor of the computer industry. One question comes to mind. Why would I buy a computer, investing thousands of dollars, when I don\'t know the first thing about them? If it were
Marketing Notes
Marketing Notes
Marketing Notes Marketing Notes: What is marketing? - Creating customer value and stratification are at the very heart of modern marketing thinking and practice. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: business [Paper Title]: Marketing Notes [Text]: Chapter 1 - Marketing In a Changing World What is marketing? - Creating customer value and stratification are at the very heart of modern marketing thinking and practice
MAthematical Logic
MAthematical Logic
MAthematical Logic Word Count: 761 Mathematical logic is something that has been around for a very long time. Centuries Ago Greek and other logicians tried to make sense out of mathematical proofs. As time went on other people tried to do the same thing but using only symbols and variables. But I will get into detail about that a little later. There is also something called set theory, which is related with this. In mathematical logic a lot of terms are used such as axiom and proofs. A lot of t
It sounds simple raise the minimum wage, reward ha
It sounds simple raise the minimum wage, reward ha
It sounds simple raise the minimum wage, reward hard work, and strike a blow against the society\'s inequalities. It\'s an emotional argument that blurs out the truth and make\'s people forget one important economic lesson: There\'s no such thing as a free lunch. The minimum wage has not been increased since the industrial welfare commission raised it to $4.25 an hour. The IWC and the legislature have not agreed since that time that any additional increase is justified because of California\'s
Hand over the rights to Jen schriver
Hand over the rights to Jen schriver
Hand over the rights to Jen schriver NAFTA - Canada’s & Mexico’s Viewpoints When the Canada/U.S. free trade agreement came into effect, the Mexican’s were very impressed by the provision and opportunities that opened for both sides. Mexico then approached the U.S., seeking to form a similar agreement with them. This brought forth a new issue in Canada, should they let Mexico and the U.S. form an agreement without them? Or should they participate, thus transforming their deal with the U.S. into
NAFTA
NAFTA
NAFTA The North America market is one of the richest in the world. Measured in terms of GDP, it is the equivalent of Western Europe. But with a somewhat smaller population, GDP per capita in North America, Canada, Mexico and the U.S., is around 12 percent higher than in Western Europe. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into effect January 1, 1994, sets out the schedule for tariff elimination for members.. As a small country, Canada has always been careful in it’s deali
Netscape Analysis Report
Netscape Analysis Report
Netscape Analysis Report Accounting 2 Honors I. History Netscape Communications Corporation, originally named Mosaic Communications Corporation (MCOM) was founded in April 1994 by Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen. They released their first browser products free to Internet users in September 1994. Jim Clark is chairman of Netscape Communications Corporation. Before founding the company, Clark was the chairman of Silicon Graphics, a computer hardware manufacturer he founded in 1982. Marc Andreessen
Night
Night
Night Word Count: 1549 Night Religion has always explained the unknown in knowable terms. It has created symbols for that which could not be known. This symbolism is so deeply imbedded in our minds, cultures, and cosmology that it is rarely questioned from inside the religious paradigms. From outside that paradigm, the religious imagery loses its impact, its subliminal meaning. Religion functions to relieve the anxiety of the absolute fact for each of us that we will die, that our family will d
Nike
Nike
Nike Word Count: 308 In 1957, a Coach and an athlete met at the University of Oregon, and together they went on to establish the most successful athletic footwear company in the world. Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight are these founders. The history of Nike can be split up into sections of three decades. From 1961 to 1971, Knight decided that dealing Tiger, a Japanese company, would break up the World domination in athletic shoes by Germany. He traveled to Japan and met with the executives for Tig
Overview of Concentric
Overview of Concentric
Overview of Concentric Overview of Concentric: Concentric Network Corporation is an Internet service provider that began in 1991 under the name of Engineered Video Concepts, Inc., changed their name to Concentric Research Corporation in 1992 and began network operations in 1994. In 1995, the company changed its name to Concentric Network Corporation and reincorporated in 1997. The company offered public stocks on August 1, 1997. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
Pay Them (salaries Of Pro Ball Players)
Pay Them (salaries Of Pro Ball Players)
Pay Them (salaries Of Pro Ball Players) Word Count: 3055 Pay Them There was a time when men played for the love of the game; when competition alone satisfied the male ego. This age of basketball featured greats such as Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell, and Oscar Robinson. These gladiators, and those like them, battled repeatedly winning league championships, MVP’s, scoring titles, and other accolades. Then, the product of James Naismith moved into an era where the love continued, but money was ad
People or Profits?
People or Profits?
People or Profits? In Almeda County, a private hospital turned away a woman in labor because the hospital\'s computer showed that she didn\'t have insurance. Hours later, her baby was born dead in a county hospital. In San Bernardino, a hospital surgeon sent a patient who had been stabbed in the heart to a county medical center after examining him and declaring his condition stable. The patient arrived at the county medical center dying, he suffered a cardiac arrest, and died. These two hospita
Players Salaries
Players Salaries
Players Salaries Word Count: 2951 Michael G. Bus law There was a time when men played for the love of the game; when competition alone satisfied the male ego. This age of basketball featured greats such as Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell, and Oscar Robinson. These gladiators, and those like them, battled repeatedly winning league championships, MVP’s, scoring titles, and other accolades. Then, the product of James Naismith moved into an era where the love continued, but money was added. Clyde Dr
POOPASARUS
POOPASARUS
POOPASARUS Word Count: 1655 The Beatles were a mystical happening that many people still don\'t understand. Phenomenoligists had a ball in 1964 with Beatlemania, a generally harmless form of madness which came from Britain in 1963. The sole cause of Beatlemania is a quartet of young Englishmen known as the Beatles. In the less than one year that they achieved popularity in England to the time they came to America, The Beatles achieved a popularity and following that is unprecedented in the hist
Poverty is a lack of goods and services necessary
Poverty is a lack of goods and services necessary
Poverty is a lack of goods and services necessary to maintain a minimal adequate standard of living. The definition of the term adequate varies, however, with the general standard of living in a society and with public attitudes toward deprivation. No university accepted definition of basic needs exists because poverty is a relative concept. In poorer countries it means living at the brink of subsistence, while in our country few improvised families confront starvation, although many suffer fro
Profiles In American Enterprise
Profiles In American Enterprise
Profiles In American Enterprise Word Count: 2811 A.G. Edwards Inc. The industry for securities is undoubtedly an exciting and fast paced industry. This means that brokerage firms such as A.G. Edwards and Sons must always be watching the stock prices on every stock in the market so that they can give their clients maximum profit. When A.G. Edwards and Sons’ clients do well then in turn so does the brokerage firm. A.G. Edwards Inc. is not the biggest corporations in America, but yet it is still a
Purchasing A Small Business
Purchasing A Small Business
Purchasing A Small Business Word Count: 2853 Purchasing a Small Business Outline I. Deciding to buy A. Why buy a small business? B. Starting out-the nine steps C. Initial details to consider 1. Are partners needed? 2. Economic factors 3. Is the location acceptable? 4. Tax strategy II. Where to start A. How much income is needed? B. The Thirteen Steps to acquiring a business III. Locating a potential purchase A. The Acquisition Plan B. Beginning the search-who can help? III. Negotiating a purcha
RAINFOREST CAFE, INC.
RAINFOREST CAFE, INC.
RAINFOREST CAFE, INC. OUTLINE TO RAINFOREST CAFE RESEARCH REPORT CORPORATE BACKGROUND History Formation Rainforest Cafe, Inc. was incorporated in Minnesota on February 3, 1994 to own and operate restaurant and retail facilities under the name of Rainforest Cafe - A Wild Place to Shop and Eat. Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer Election. Lyle Berman was elected Chairman and CEO of Rainforest Cafe at its inception in February 1994. Background. Berman has been Chairman and CEO of
Communism in the Soviet Union and why it Failed
Communism in the Soviet Union and why it Failed
Communism in the Soviet Union and why it Failed Communism is defined as a system of political and economic organization in which property is owned by the community and all citizens share in the enjoyment of the common wealth, more or less according to their need. In 1917 the rise of power in the Marxist-inspired Bolsheviks in Russia along with the consolidation of power by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, the word communism came to mean a totalitarian system controlled by a single political
World Issues Book Review
World Issues Book Review
World Issues Book Review Shooting The Hippo by Linda McQuaig Linda McQuaig’s most recent book, Shooting the Hippo is about the causes and results of the debt. It is a look at both the factual causes and the arguments which are merely presented to us through the various elements of the media. McQuaig delivers an insightful overview of the extensive media coverage which has bombarded us over the past few years. With the excitement of a mystery writer, McQuaig tells the real story behind the de
Sony Corporation Executive Summary
Sony Corporation Executive Summary
Sony Corporation Executive Summary Word Count: 2725 Sony\'s current financial difficulties are tied into its corporate culture which were stated over 30 years ago. With such a large multinational corporation, greater planning and more use of strategies should be pursued. Sony could start with the implementation of a new mission statement, with profit and benefits of the company tied more closely to everyday operations. Internally, the four forces, the management, the designers, the production a
The microeconomic picture of the U.S. has changed
The microeconomic picture of the U.S. has changed
The microeconomic picture of the U.S. has changed immensely since 1973, and the trends are proving to be consistently downward for the nation’s high school graduates and high school drop-outs. “Of all the reasons given for the wage squeeze – international competition, technology, deregulation, the decline of unions and defense cuts – technology is probably the most critical. It has favored the educated and the skilled,” says M. B. Zuckerman, editor-in-chief of U.S. News & World Report (7/31/95)