La Reforma

King Henry VIII
King Henry VIII
King Henry VIII King Henry VIII Henry VIII (born 1491, ruled 1509-1547). The second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York was one of England\'s strongest and least popular monarchs. He was born at Greenwich on June 28, 1491. The first English ruler to be educated under the influence of the Renaissance, he was a gifted scholar, linguist, composer, and musician. As a youth he was gay and handsome, skilled in all manner of athletic games, but in later life he became coarse and fat. When his elder
Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Martin Luther Martin Luther Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther, his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. I
Alexis Charles-Henri-Maurice Clérel de Tocqueville
Alexis Charles-Henri-Maurice Clérel de Tocqueville
Alexis Charles-Henri-Maurice Clérel de Tocqueville En 1831 deux jeunes Français sont arrivé aux États-Unis, sur un projet gouvernemental pour étudier le système pénal du pays. Tous les deux étaient membres de la nobilité française, de bons amis et tous parails. L\'un etait Alexis de Tocqueville, et l\'autre Gustave de Beaumont. La visite a produit le raport sur les prisons - un effort collabore. D\'une maniere plus importante, cette visite a rendue un des meillures contes au sujet des premières
Henry VIII (born 1491, ruled 1509-1547). The secon
Henry VIII (born 1491, ruled 1509-1547). The secon
  Henry VIII (born 1491, ruled 1509-1547). The second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York was one of England\'s strongest and least popular monarchs. He was born at Greenwich on June 28, 1491. The first English ruler to be educated under the influence of the Renaissance, he was a gifted scholar, linguist, composer, and musician. As a youth he was gay and handsome, skilled in all manner of athletic games, but in later life he became coarse and fat. When his elder brother, Arthur, died (1502),
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther, his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. In 1501, at th
Dave Barry's Complete Guide To Guys
Dave Barry's Complete Guide To Guys
Dave Barry\'s Complete Guide To Guys Word Count: 1440 Wait, are you telling me that Dave Barry\'s Complete Guide to Guys addresses women\'s issues? If women\'s issues include understanding why guys spit, scratch themselves, and give each other noogies, well then this book certainly addresses them! As for addressing the whole bit about a patriarchal world history, the subjugation of women, and accused responsibility for the Fall of Man, well, you might as well forget it. Dave Barry might not mak
FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL
FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL
FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL Word Count: 5476 University of Latvia Faculty of Foreign Languages Foreign Literature Department FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL “DAVID COPPERFIELD” Natalya Artjuh 3d year student Matriculation card: Kole K 96215 DECLARATION OF INTEGRITY. I declare that this study is my own and does not contain any unacknowledged work from any source. /N.Artjuh/ CONTEXT INTRODUCTION. 4 1. COPPERFIELDS (SENIOUR): Dicken’s pattern of 6 happy marriage. 2. DAVID DORA’S MARRIAGE: th
Faust
Faust
Faust Word Count: 791 The hero that never was In Faust, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe builds a dramatic poem around the strengths and weaknesses of a man who under a personalized definition of a hero fails miserably. A hero is someone that humanity models themselves and their actions after, someone who can be revered by the masses as an individual of great morality and strength, a man or woman that never sacrifices his beliefs under adversity. Therefore, through his immoral actions and his unwilli
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe Word Count: 652 The Ballad of the Sad Cafe by Carson McCullers is a story of love illustrated through the romantic longings and attractions of the three eccentric characters; Miss Amelia, Cousin Lymon, and Marvin Macy. McCullers depicts love as a force, often strong enough to change people\'s attitudes and behaviors. Yet, the author seems to say, if the love is unrequited, individuals, having lost their motivation to change, will revert back to their true selves. The
The Withch-hunt In Modern Europe
The Withch-hunt In Modern Europe
The Withch-hunt In Modern Europe Word Count: 1703 THE WITCH-HUNT IN MODERN EUROPE By: Brian Levack The Witch-Hunt in Modern Europe by Brian Levack proved to be an interesting as well as insightful look at the intriguing world of the European practice of witchcraft and witch-hunts. The book offers a solid, reasonable interpretation of the accusation, prosecution, and execution for witchcraft in Europe between 1450 and 1750. Levack focuses mainly on the circumstances from which the witch-hunts em
Russian Reform and Economics: The Last Quarter of
Russian Reform and Economics: The Last Quarter of
Russian Reform and Economics: The Last Quarter of the 20th Century Russian Reform and Economics: The Last Quarter of the 20th Century Outline Thesis: As the reformation of the USSR was becoming a reality, Russia\'s economy was crumbling beneath it. Russia began its economic challenge of perestroika in the 1980\'s. The Russian people wanted economic security and freedom, while the government was trying to obtain democracy. The previous management styles needed to be changed along with the way th
Kao (marketing plan):  In this project, I hav
Kao (marketing plan):  In this project, I hav
Kao Kao (marketing plan): In this project, I have chosen the Fast Moving Consumer Product industry as the topic of study. First of all we will take a brief look at how the industry started in the late 19th century as soap making companies and slowly evolving into some of the most successful multidomestic company of today. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: Business [Paper Title]: Kao (marketing plan) [Text]: Ka
Russian Reform and Economics: The Last Quarter of
Russian Reform and Economics: The Last Quarter of
Russian Reform and Economics: The Last Quarter of the 20th Century Outline Thesis: As the reformation of the USSR was becoming a reality, Russia\'s economy was crumbling beneath it. Russia began its economic challenge of perestroika in the 1980\'s. The Russian people wanted economic security and freedom, while the government was trying to obtain democracy. The previous management styles needed to be changed along with the way that most businesses in Russia operated. I. Reformation of USSR A. Th
Comparing Prince Hal and Henry's Models of Statesc
Comparing Prince Hal and Henry's Models of Statesc
Comparing Prince Hal and Henry\'s Models of Statescraft Comparing Prince Hal and Henry\'s Models of Statescraft To compare the difference between King Henry and Prince Hal\'s style of statecraft, first we have to understand the basic philosophy of each. The King belives that to effectively lead the country one needs to lead by example. According to the King\'s philosophy the best man is the one who lives a pure life and garners respect and honor from all men. To the King\'s way of thinking Hots
Henry IV: Redemption
Henry IV: Redemption
Henry IV: Redemption Henry IV: Redemption In Shakespeare\'s Henry IV, the character Hal, the Prince of Wales, undergoes a transformation that can be characterized as a redemption. Shakespeare introduces Hal, in the opening act as a renegade of the Court. His avoidance of all public responsibility and his affinity for the company of the Boar\'s Head Tavern, have caused serious concern for the King, because Hal is heir to the throne. The King realizes that to keep order, a ruler and his heir must
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe: Love and Attraction
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe: Love and Attraction
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe: Love and Attraction The Ballad of the Sad Cafe: Love and Attraction The Ballad of the Sad Cafe by Carson McCullers is a story of love illustrated through the romantic longings and attractions of the three eccentric characters; Miss Amelia, Cousin Lymon, and Marvin Macy. McCullers depicts love as a force, often strong enough to change people\'s attitudes and behaviors. Yet, the author seems to say, if the love is unrequited, individuals, having lost their motivation t
Fahrenheit 451: Change
Fahrenheit 451: Change
Fahrenheit 451: Change Fahrenheit 451: Change What is change? Webster\'s Second Collegiate Dictionary, defines change as to cause to become different; alter; transform; convert. Many things, people, and world events are able to change. Peace may be present for years and shattered by a disagreement over religion, or shift of political power. Technology changes the lives of people and how the interact and work in the world. People also change. Many do not see any wrongdoing internally, and remain
The Picture of Dorian Gray: Evil
The Picture of Dorian Gray: Evil
The Picture of Dorian Gray: Evil The Picture of Dorian Gray: Evil The Picture Of Dorian Gray is yet another novel portraying evil. The theme is very much reflected by the book\'s setting, plot structure and characterisation. It shows how individuals can slowly deteriorate because of the evil lying within themselves. The evil of this book is the evil created by one\'s self and thrusted upon one\'s self. The power of greed and selfishness take over Dorian Gray and create an ugly evil side to him.
A Man For All Seasons
A Man For All Seasons
A Man For All Seasons Word Count: 1060 What characteristics should a hero possess? There is no particular answer to this question since one can be considered a ordinary person even he actually commits his whole life to the people or even sacrifices his own life for the people while one can considered a hero by contributing a benefit to the people. In the epic poem Beowulf , the main character Beowulf is considered a hero by the people because he is courageous, intelligent, and physically stalwa
Dave Barry's Complete Guide To Guys
Dave Barry's Complete Guide To Guys
Dave Barry\'s Complete Guide To Guys Word Count: 1440 Wait, are you telling me that Dave Barry\'s Complete Guide to Guys addresses women\'s issues? If women\'s issues include understanding why guys spit, scratch themselves, and give each other noogies, well then this book certainly addresses them! As for addressing the whole bit about a patriarchal world history, the subjugation of women, and accused responsibility for the Fall of Man, well, you might as well forget it. Dave Barry might not mak
FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL
FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL
FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL Word Count: 5476 University of Latvia Faculty of Foreign Languages Foreign Literature Department FAMILY IN CHARLES DICKEN’S NOVEL “DAVID COPPERFIELD” Natalya Artjuh 3d year student Matriculation card: Kole K 96215 DECLARATION OF INTEGRITY. I declare that this study is my own and does not contain any unacknowledged work from any source. /N.Artjuh/ CONTEXT INTRODUCTION. 4 1. COPPERFIELDS (SENIOUR): Dicken’s pattern of 6 happy marriage. 2. DAVID DORA’S MARRIAGE: th
Faust
Faust
Faust Word Count: 791 The hero that never was In Faust, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe builds a dramatic poem around the strengths and weaknesses of a man who under a personalized definition of a hero fails miserably. A hero is someone that humanity models themselves and their actions after, someone who can be revered by the masses as an individual of great morality and strength, a man or woman that never sacrifices his beliefs under adversity. Therefore, through his immoral actions and his unwilli
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe
The Ballad of the Sad Cafe Word Count: 652 The Ballad of the Sad Cafe by Carson McCullers is a story of love illustrated through the romantic longings and attractions of the three eccentric characters; Miss Amelia, Cousin Lymon, and Marvin Macy. McCullers depicts love as a force, often strong enough to change people\'s attitudes and behaviors. Yet, the author seems to say, if the love is unrequited, individuals, having lost their motivation to change, will revert back to their true selves. The
The Withch-hunt In Modern Europe
The Withch-hunt In Modern Europe
The Withch-hunt In Modern Europe Word Count: 1703 THE WITCH-HUNT IN MODERN EUROPE By: Brian Levack The Witch-Hunt in Modern Europe by Brian Levack proved to be an interesting as well as insightful look at the intriguing world of the European practice of witchcraft and witch-hunts. The book offers a solid, reasonable interpretation of the accusation, prosecution, and execution for witchcraft in Europe between 1450 and 1750. Levack focuses mainly on the circumstances from which the witch-hunts em
Fahrenheit 451
Fahrenheit 451
Fahrenheit 451 Change What is change? Webster\'s Second Collegiate Dictionary, defines change as to cause to become different; alter; transform; convert. Many things, people, and world events are able to change. Peace may be present for years and shattered by a disagreement over religion, or shift of political power. Technology changes the lives of people and how the interact and work in the world. People also change. Many do not see any wrongdoing internally, and remain the way they are. Howev
The Picture Of Dorian Gray is yet another novel po
The Picture Of Dorian Gray is yet another novel po
The Picture Of Dorian Gray is yet another novel portraying evil. The theme is very much reflected by the book’s setting, plot structure and characterisation. It shows how individuals can slowly deteriorate because of the evil lying within themselves. The evil of this book is the evil created by one’s self and thrusted upon one’s self. The power of greed and selfishness take over Dorian Gray and create an ugly evil side to him. The mid eighteenth century was a very influential era, specially in
FOR AGES AFRICAN AMERICANS HAVE BEE MANIPULATING T
FOR AGES AFRICAN AMERICANS HAVE BEE MANIPULATING T
FOR AGES AFRICAN AMERICANS HAVE BEE MANIPULATING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, WHICH APPEARS TO BE ACCEPTED BOTH THROUGH LITERATURE AND VERBAL SPEAKING. IN THE 21ST CENTURY THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IS FACED WITH A TASK OF REFORMING A LANGUAGE SUPPOSIDLY CALL BLACK ENGLISH OR EBONY PHONICS, DEPICTING WHAT IS WIDELY KNOWN AS EBONICS. AFRICAN AMERICANS AND OTHER ETHNIC GROUPS HAVE BEEN SPEAKING BROKEN ENGLISH FOR SEVERAL YEARS. THE USE OF EBONICSS HAS BECOME A CONTRAVERSIAL ISSUE IN THE WORLD TODAY. THE
Comparing Hal and Henry's Models of Statescraft
Comparing Hal and Henry's Models of Statescraft
Comparing Hal and Henry\'s Models of Statescraft To compare the difference between King Henry and Prince Hal\'s style of statecraft, first we have to understand the basic philosophy of each. The King belives that to effectively lead the country one needs to lead by example. According to the King\'s philosophy the best man is the one who lives a pure life and garners respect and honor from all men. To the King\'s way of thinking Hotspur is more fit to be a King than Prince Hal, a comparison the
English: Shakespeare October, 5 1996
English: Shakespeare October, 5 1996
English: Shakespeare October, 5 1996 Redemption In Shakespeare\'s Henry IV, the character Hal, the Prince of Wales, undergoes a transformation that can be characterized as a redemption. Shakespeare introduces Hal, in the opening act as a renegade of the Court. His avoidance of all public responsibility and his affinity for the company of the Boar\'s Head Tavern, have caused serious concern for the King, because Hal is heir to the throne. The King realizes that to keep order, a ruler and his hei
English
English
English The Ballad of the Sad Cafe by Carson McCullers is a story of love illustrated through the romantic longings and attractions of the three eccentric characters; Miss Amelia, Cousin Lymon, and Marvin Macy. McCullers depicts love as a force, often strong enough to change people\'s attitudes and behaviors. Yet, the author seems to say, if the love is unrequited, individuals, having lost their motivation to change, will revert back to their true selves. The allure of the different characters,
The Enlightenment and the Role of the Philosophes
The Enlightenment and the Role of the Philosophes
The Enlightenment and the Role of the Philosophes The Enlightenment is a name given by historians to an intellectual movement that was predominant in the Western world during the 18th century. Strongly influenced by the rise of modern science and by the aftermath of the long religious conflict that followed the Reformation, the thinkers of the Enlightenment (called philosophes in France) were committed to secular views based on reason or human understanding only, which they hoped would provide
Many writers in American literature try to instill
Many writers in American literature try to instill
Many writers in American literature try to instill the philosophy of their choosing into their reader. This is often a philosophy derived at from their own personal experiences. John Steinbeck is no exception to this. When traveling through his native Californian in the mid-1930s, Steinbeck witnessed people living in appalling conditions of extreme poverty due to the Great Depression and the agricultural disaster known as the Dust Bowl. He noticed that these people received no aid whatsoever fr
The Shrew's Illusion
The Shrew's Illusion
The Shrew\'s Illusion Word Count: 1607 Amy Czech Professor Lobanov-Rostovsky English 30 March 3, 2000 The Shrew’s Illusion HORTENSIO: Now go thy ways, thou hast tam’d a curst shrow. LUCENTIO: ‘Tis a wonder, by your leave, she will be tam’d so. Indeed, Hortentio’s assurance in the taming of the “curst shrow” Katerina seems a wonder to all the audience in the final scene of “The Taming of the Shrew.” After hurling furniture, pitching fits and assaulting her sister, Katerina delivers a speech that
Austria
Austria
Austria Austria Table of Contents Population Culture Tradition Way of Life Vegetation and Animal Life History Religion Arts Language Education Health Government Climate Trade Resources Agriculture Bibliography Austria Austria, a small country in Central Europe famous for its gorgeous mountain scenery. The towering Alps, and the foothills stretch across the western, southern and central parts of the country. Broad green valleys, lovely mirror lakes and thick forest cover a good portion of the la
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne History 101 - Fast Forward Fall 1996 PREPARED BY: SUBMITTED: September 30, 1996 Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (742-814), was a strong leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the Church. His belief in the need for education among the Frankish people was to bring about religious, political, and educational reforms that would change the history of Europe. Charlemagne was born in 742 at Aachen, the son of Pepin(or
The Reign of Edward VI
The Reign of Edward VI
The Reign of Edward VI The Reign of Edward VI The reign of Edward VI saw great religious upheaval from a Protestant religion that was Catholic in nature to a more clearly defined and radical quasi-Calvinism. In that sense religious policy hardened. But the policies and ideal never became deeply entrenched and accepted throughout the country and often only existed to serve the interests of those who enacted them, and not the future stance of the church. Under Somerset the changes involved merely
China Between The Fall Of The KMT and Mao Tse-Tung
China Between The Fall Of The KMT and Mao Tse-Tung
China Between The Fall Of The KMT and Mao Tse-Tung\'s Death China Between The Fall Of The KMT and Mao Tse-Tung\'s Death The time from 1949-1976 was a time of transition for China. Many social and economic changes occurred through this period. When the Kuomintang government collapsed and Mao Tse-Tung assumed control, this marked the beginning of massive reformation for what would become the People\'s Republic. With Mao Tse-Tung\'s rule came governmental reform which led to social betterment. His
Reforms Are Need In Canada's Government
Reforms Are Need In Canada's Government
Reforms Are Need In Canada\'s Government Reforms Are Need In Canada\'s Government Canada is a country who\'s future is in question. Serious political issues have recently overshadowed economic concerns. Constitutional debate over unity and Quebec\'s future in the country is in the heart of every Canadian today. Continuing conflicts concerning Aboriginal self-determination and treatment are reaching the boiling point. How can Canada expect to pull herself out of this seemingly bottomless pit? Ar
The Importance of the Press
The Importance of the Press
The Importance of the Press The Importance of the Press The newspaper is a powerful medium. It is powerful because it has the ability to influence the way that people view the world, as well as their opinion of what they see. In peaceful times (or in times of oppression, for sometimes they can appear to be happening at the same moment) the press is usually one of the instruments used by the state in order to maintain the status quo. However, during times of political unrest it is often the pres
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Table of Contents Population Culture Tradition Way of Life Vegetation and Animal Life History Religion Arts Language Education Health Government Climate Trade Resources Agriculture Bibliography Austria Austria, a small country in Central Europe famous for its gorgeous mountain scenery. The towering Alps, and the foothills stretch across the western, southern and central parts of the country. Broad green valleys, lovely mirror lakes and thick forest cover a good portion of the land. Austria with
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
Charlemagne History 101 - Fast Forward Fall 1996 PREPARED BY: SUBMITTED: September 30, 1996 Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (742-814), was a strong leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the Church. His belief in the need for education among the Frankish people was to bring about religious, political, and educational reforms that would change the history of Europe. Charlemagne was born in 742 at Aachen, the son of Pepin(or Pippin) the
China Between The Fall Of The KMT And Mao Tse-Tung
China Between The Fall Of The KMT And Mao Tse-Tung
China Between The Fall Of The KMT And Mao Tse-Tung\'s Death Word Count: 381 The time from 1949-1976 was a time of transition for China. Many social and economic changes occurred through this period. When the Kuomintang government collapsed and Mao Tse-Tung assumed control, this marked the beginning of massive reformation for what would become the People\'s Republic. With Mao Tse-Tung\'s rule came governmental reform which led to social betterment. His first years of rule included careful develo
The English Reformation
The English Reformation
The English Reformation The English Reformation: Religion, Politics, and Culture: The Protestant Reformation played an extraordinary part in European faith, culture, and politics. Even though the Reformation began in Germany in 1517 and spread throughout Europe very quickly, England remained Catholic for more than 15 years before crossing over to Protestantism. Henry VIII’s desire for a male heir precipitated the Protestant Reformation in England in 1527. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
Founding Fathers of the USA
Founding Fathers of the USA
Founding Fathers of the USA Word Count: 474 There are many people who can be considered the indirect founding fathers of The United States. Such people are The Christian Crusaders, Marco Polo, Cortez, Pizarro, and Martin Luther. The Crusades were a series of holy wars fought to win the holy land of Christianity from those who follow Mohammed. Even though these wars failed in the respect of winning the land back, they did triumph in another aspect. The crusaders introduced a lifestyle to the Eur
GotMilk
GotMilk
GotMilk Word Count: 622 How did people revere their gods differently among three civilizations? Did they worship with the same general intent? What were gods’ role(s) in people’s lives? A brief exploration into the religions of Egypt, Greece, and the Hebrew people may bring insight to these questions. Although the main idea of higher beings remains constant throughout societies’ religion, their form of presence in people’s lives varies. I will present the relationship between the leaders and th
Henry VIII
Henry VIII
Henry VIII Word Count: 1089 On June 28, 1941 Henry the VIII of England was born. This young man will form his own church. He will succeed to the throne in 1509. He will also marry six women! Something good will happen when he is king, he will unite England and Wales and will also do some bad things like executing people who would not follow his rules. In 1539, the Act of Supremacy declared Henry to be the head of the Church of England. King Henry the VIII of England had a good side and a bad si
History Of Popular Culture
History Of Popular Culture
History Of Popular Culture Word Count: 2450 \'What were the functions of popular festivals, etc. in Early Modern Europe? And why did the authorities, civil and ecclesiastical seek to control or suppress them?\' In Early Modern Europe festivals were the setting for heroes and their stories, to be celebrated by the populace. They posed a change from their everyday life. In those days people lived in remembrance of one festival and in expectance of the next. Different kinds of festivals were celeb
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution Word Count: 969 THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. The Industrial Revolution is the name given to the movement in which machines changed people\'s way of life as well as their methods of manufacture. About the time of the American Revolution, English People began to use machines to make cloth and steam engines to run the machines. Sometime later they invented locomotives. Productivity began a steep climb. By 1850 most Englishmen were laboring in industrial towns and Great Britain
Louis XIV, The Sun King
Louis XIV, The Sun King
Louis XIV, The Sun King Word Count: 1139 Louis XIV was only four years old when he succeeded his father to the French throne. Often uncared for, he nearly drowned because no one was watching him as he played near a pond. This began to shape in his young mind an early fear of God. Louis\' character was also shaped by the French Civil War. In this, the Paris Parlement rose against the crown. For five years, Louis would suffer fear, cold, hunger and other spirit-breaking events. He would never for
Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Martin Luther Word Count: 2585 This essay is concerned with Martin Luther (1483-1546), and his concept of Christianity. Luther began his ecclesiastical career as an Augustinian Monk in the Roman Catholic Church. Consequently, Luther was initially loyal to the papacy, and even after many theological conflicts, he attempted to bring about his reconciliation with the Church. But this was a paradox not to endure because in his later years, Luther waged a continual battle with the papacy. Luther was