Neuron

Jonas Salk
Jonas Salk
Jonas Salk Jonas Salk From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for cures of illness. Jonas Salk found a cure for one of the worst illnesses in the history of man, polio. Jonas Salk\'s polio vaccine was a great discovery of his time, and it is still being used today to eradicate polio worldwide. Dr. Salk is also known for other medical discoveries. He was a quiet man who lived a rough childhood. He was not looking for fame, instead, it found him. During the time before the vaccine, many peo
From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for
From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for
From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for cures of illness. Jonas Salk found a cure for one of the worst illnesses in the history of man, polio. Jonas Salk\'s polio vaccine was a great discovery of his time, and it is still being used today to eradicate polio worldwide. Dr. Salk is also known for other medical discoveries. He was a quiet man who lived a rough childhood. He was not looking for fame, instead, it found him. During the time before the vaccine, many people, mostly parents wi
Alzheimer's Disease: Where has Yesterday Gone
Alzheimer's Disease: Where has Yesterday Gone
Alzheimer\'s Disease: Where has Yesterday Gone Alzheimer\'s Disease: Where has Yesterday Gone Memory loss, like old age is a condition which mankind has always reluctantly recognized and always – with resignation. Memory loses are sometimes trivial and meaningless and go unrecognized. However, when these loses are so great that a person does not know who or where they are the concerns are quite grave. Although it is realize that Alzheimer\'s disease destroys the brain memory function, many
Acupuncture
Acupuncture
Acupuncture Acupuncture A Chinese medical technique; acupuncture is a medicine originating in the orient over four-thousand years ago. Used primarily for pain relief, but also in curing disease and general health improvement. Oriental Medicine views (illness and pain) as an imbalance of one\'s energy. With Acupuncture the energetic balance can be restored, thus helping the body to rid itself of disease. Often illnesses can be diagnosed and treated at an early stage. Acupuncture consists of inse
Where has Yesterday Gone
Where has Yesterday Gone
Where has Yesterday Gone Memory loss, like old age is a condition which mankind has always reluctantly recognized and always – with resignation. Memory loses are sometimes trivial and meaningless and go unrecognized. However, when these loses are so great that a person does not know who or where they are the concerns are quite grave. Although it is realize that Alzheimer’s disease destroys the brain memory function, many do not realize precisely how the memory is destroyed once one is aware o
ACUPUNCTURE
ACUPUNCTURE
ACUPUNCTURE A Chinese medical technique; acupuncture is a medicine originating in the orient over four-thousand years ago. Used primarily for pain relief, but also in curing disease and general health improvement. Oriental Medicine views (illness and pain) as an imbalance of one\'s energy. With Acupuncture the energetic balance can be restored, thus helping the body to rid itself of disease. Often illnesses can be diagnosed and treated at an early stage. Acupuncture consists of inserting hair t
St. Thomas Aquinas's 5 Proofs Of Gods Existence
St. Thomas Aquinas's 5 Proofs Of Gods Existence
St. Thomas Aquinas\'s 5 Proofs Of Gods Existence Word Count: 3272 ALZHEIMER’S 1 Alzheimer’s Disease Katrina Lindsey Florida Atlantic University Advanced CPR John Picarello March 18, 2000 ALZHEIMER’S 2 Alzheimer’s disease is a complex illness that affects the brain tissue directly and undergoes gradual memory and behavioral changes which makes it difficult to diagnose. It is known to be the most common form of dementia and is irreversible. Over four million older Americans have Alzheimer’s, and
Technology
Technology
Technology Word Count: 4446 Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on consciousness and the possibilitie
Dreams
Dreams
Dreams Word Count: 546 Dreams I don\'t use drugs, my dreams are frightening enough. (Escher) Why do we dream? Are they instructions from the spiritual world or just deep, hidden wishes that can be used to unlock the secrets of the unconscious mind? Nobody knows for sure. One theory that is prevalent today is that dreams result from the physiological exercise of the synapses of the brain. There is no proven fact on why we dream, which is why there are so many theories on the topic. There is Freu
Mind And Machine
Mind And Machine
Mind And Machine Word Count: 2419 Mind and Machine: The Essay Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on
AIDS
AIDS
AIDS AIDS AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus- HIV (human immunodiciency virus). The first cases in this country came to light in the early eighties. Although the origins of AIDS remains uncertain it is thought to have emerged decades ago in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a closely related virus (simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV) that is found among monkeys in that particular area which AIDS is thought to have evolved from (Combating AIDS 353). When the v
AIDS/HIV
AIDS/HIV
AIDS/HIV AIDS/HIV The HIV virus poses one of the biggest viral threats to human society today. It is contracted through bodily fluids such as blood and semen, and sometimes even saliva and tears. AIDS kills 100% of its victims and puts them through agony before they die. It has been a threat for about 15 years, and it is not going to stop now. In fact, AIDS is just getting started: It consumes more people each year. There is no known treatment for it either, only antibiotics to slow the reprodu
Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer\'s Disease Alzheimer\'s Disease Alzheimer\'s Disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disease that destroys mental and physical functioning in human beings, and invariably leads to death. It is the fourth leading cause of adult death in the United States. Alzheimer\'s creates emotional and financial catastrophe for many American families every year. Fortunately, a large amount of progress is being made to combat Alzheimer\'s disease every year. To fully be able to comprehend an
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
ALZHEIMER\'S DISEASE ALZHEIMER\'S DISEASE We are currently living in the age of technology. Our advancements in the past few decades overshadow everything learned in the last 2000 years. With the elimination of many diseases through effective cures and treatments, Canadians can expect to live a much longer life then that of their grandparents. In 1900 about 4% of the Canadian population was over the age of 65. In 1989 that figure tripled to 12% and the government expects that figure to rise to
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Motor Neuron Disease Maladie de Charcot Lou Gehrig\'s Disease What is the Disease? ALS is an extremely deadly disease affecting the nerve cells that control the victim\'s voluntary muscles. These nerves shrink and eventually die, leaving the muscles without stimulation. As these muscles go without stimulation, they too eventually shrink and die. The victim progressively weakens to the point of complete paralysis of all voluntary muscle
Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa
Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa
Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa When she was fourteen, a modeling agency said that her face was too fat. It was a death sentence. (Toronto Sun, 1994) Sheena Carpenter died in November 1993. She was found on the kitchen floor of her apartment by her mother. She was twenty-two years old. . . and weighed only fifty pounds. Sheena was just one of the alarming numbers of young women who become obsessed with the shape and size of their bodies, and suffer harmful, or in thi
The Dawn of a New Age: PCP
The Dawn of a New Age: PCP
The Dawn of a New Age: PCP The Dawn of a New Age: PCP April, 1956 : The pharmaceutical company Parke & Davis first synthesize what they believe to be the perfect anesthetic (Souza, 1995). When administered to patients, it causes a completely dissociative state, with no significant respiratory or cardiovascular depression. Patients appear to be awake, eyes open, breathing normally.but are unaware of their surroundings or the procedures being performed upon them (Souza, 1995). Indeed, this is the
Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer\'s Disease Alzheimer\'s Disease Alzheimer\'s Disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disease that destroys mental and physical functioning in human beings, and invariably leads to death. It is the fourth leading cause of adult death in the United States. Alzheimer\'s creates emotional and financial catastrophe for many American families every year, but fortunately, a large amount of progress is being made to combat Alzheimer\'s disease every year. To fully be able to comprehen
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gherig's Diseas
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gherig's Diseas
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gherig\'s Disease) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gherig\'s Disease) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a deadly disease of the nervous system. Also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, ALS at this time affects 25,000 people in the U.S. today. One in 50,000 people will be affected in any one year. The average age for diagnosis of ALS is between 30 and 70, although there have been cases of teenagers contracting it.The average life span after diagnosis are three to
Body Systems
Body Systems
Body Systems Body Systems There are 10 body systems, one of them is the Integumentary (skin). It is composed of hair, skin, nails, sence receptions and oil glands. Its functionis to protect from outside, to regulate the body temperature, to make synthesis of hormones & chemicals and is used as a sense organ. Another one is the Skeletal System (bones). It is made of about 206 bones, that are divided in tho categories: axial bones (in the body by itself) and apendicular bones (arms & legs). We ha
Brain Transplant
Brain Transplant
Brain Transplant Brain Transplant Medical technology has seemed to advance enough so that doctors are able to perform brain transplants. So far this procedure has only been successfully performed on animals, and now doctors hope to perform this procedure on humans. I believe brain transplants should not be performed at all, and especially not on humans because of the numerous problems and side effects that could arise. Even though brain transplants can be successfully performed on animals, this
Huntington's Disease
Huntington's Disease
Huntington\'s Disease Huntington\'s Disease Huntington\'s disease, also known as Huntington\'s chorea is a genetic disorder that usually shows up in someone in their thirties and forties, destroys the mind and body and leads to insanity and death within ten to twenty years. The disease works by degenerating the ganglia (a pair of nerve clusters deep in the brain that controls movement, thought, perception, and memory) and cortex by using energy incorrectly. The brain will starve the neurons (br
Expansion on the Recent Discoveries Concerning Nit
Expansion on the Recent Discoveries Concerning Nit
Expansion on the Recent Discoveries Concerning Nitric Oxide Expansion on the Recent Discoveries Concerning Nitric Oxide as presented by Dr. Jack R. Lancaster Nitric Oxide, or NO, its chemical representation, was until recently not considered to be of any benefit to the life processes of animals, much less human beings. However, studies have proven that this simple compound had an abundance of uses in the body, ranging from the nervous system to the reproductive system. Its many uses are still b
Alzheimers Disease
Alzheimers Disease
Alzheimers Disease Word Count: 3272 ALZHEIMER’S 1 Alzheimer’s Disease Katrina Lindsey Florida Atlantic University Advanced CPR John Picarello March 18, 2000 ALZHEIMER’S 2 Alzheimer’s disease is a complex illness that affects the brain tissue directly and undergoes gradual memory and behavioral changes which makes it difficult to diagnose. It is known to be the most common form of dementia and is irreversible. Over four million older Americans have Alzheimer’s, and that number is expected to tri
Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age
Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age
Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age Phencyclidine: The Dawn of a New Age April, 1956 : The pharmaceutical company Parke & Davis first synthesize what they believe to be the perfect anesthetic (Souza, 1995). When administered to patients, it causes a completely dissociative state, with no significant respiratory or cardiovascular depression. Patients appear to be awake, eyes open, breathing normally.but are unaware of their surroundings or the procedures being performed upon them (Souza, 1995).
Ritalin
Ritalin
Ritalin Ritalin Abstract Ritalin (Methylphenidate) is a mild CNS stimulant. In medicine, Ritalin\'s primary use is treatment of Attention Deficit /Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). The mode of action in humans is not completely understood, but Ritalin presumably activates the arousal system of the brain stem and the cortex to produce its stimulant effect. Recently, the frequency of diagnosis for ADHD has increased dramatically. More children and an increasing number of adults are being diagnosed wit
An Attempt At Understanding Dreams
An Attempt At Understanding Dreams
An Attempt At Understanding Dreams An Attempt At Understanding Dreams A few months ago I watched a movie called “The Candyman”. It was a horror movie about this psychotic woman who massacres people around her but has no idea what she\'s doing. An imaginary creature called “The Candyman” is appearing to her and talking to her, and she actually thinks that he\'s the one who is doing the murdering. Anyway, it was a scary movie and I had a bit of fun freaking out my mother that night by telling her
Methamphetamine: Built for Speed?
Methamphetamine: Built for Speed?
Methamphetamine: Built for Speed? Methamphetamine: Built for Speed? Methamphetamine has reclaimed a place in the lexicon of party drugs. Hailed by nocturnal adventurers, condemned by raver idealists, is speed a sleepless dream or an addictive nightmare? by Brian Otto Here at the end of the millennium, the pace of modern life seems fleeting -- a whirl of minutes, hours and days. In dealing with the changes, humans have equipped themselves with the tools to move faster, more efficiently. At the
Social Problems With Raves And Ecstacy
Social Problems With Raves And Ecstacy
Social Problems With Raves And Ecstacy Word Count: 1443 Social Problems of Ecstasy and Raves Throughout American history drugs have posed a problem to society and lawmakers. Many attempts have transpired to try to prevent future problems associated with drugs. Many of the drugs threatening America were originally designed toward the improvement of human health. The most recent epidemic of recreational drug use is ecstasy. Ecstasy’s popularity is particularly in the possession of the nations you
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence ABSTRACT Current neural network technology is the most progressive of the artificial intelligence systems today. Applications of neural networks have made the transition from laboratory curiosities to large, successful commercial applications. To enhance the security of automated financial transactions, current technologies in both speech recognition and handwriting recognition are likely ready for mass integration into financial institutions. RES
Can Computers Think? The Case For and Against Arti
Can Computers Think? The Case For and Against Arti
Can Computers Think? The Case For and Against Artificial Intelligence Can Computers Think? The Case For and Against Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence has been the subject of many bad 80\'s movies and countless science fiction novels. But what happens when we seriously consider the question of computers that think. Is it possible for computers to have complex thoughts, and even emotions, like homo sapien? This paper will seek to answer that question and also look at what attempts
Neural Networks
Neural Networks
Neural Networks Neural Networks A neural network also known as an artificial neural network provides a unique computing architecture whose potential has only begun to be tapped. They are used to address problems that are intractable or cumbersome with traditional methods. These new computing architectures are radically different from the computers that are widely used today. ANN\'s are massively parallel systems that rely on dense arrangements of interconnections and surprisingly simple process
Neural Networks
Neural Networks
Neural Networks Neural Networks A neural network also known as an artificial neural network provides a unique computing architecture whose potential has only begun to be tapped. They are used to address problems that are intractable or cumbersome with traditional methods. These new computing architectures are radically different from the computers that are widely used today. ANN\'s are massively parallel systems that rely on dense arrangements of interconnections and surprisingly simple process
Computers Mimic The Human Mind
Computers Mimic The Human Mind
Computers Mimic The Human Mind Word Count: 1514 The mind-body problem has captivated the minds of philosophers for centuries. The problem is how the body and mind can interact with each other if they are separate and distinct. One solution to the problem is to replace any mental term with a more accurate physical description. Eliminative Materialists take this idea to the extreme by stating that everything that is believed to be mental will someday be explained in terms of the physical world. O
Schizophrenia is a brain disorder whose victims su
Schizophrenia is a brain disorder whose victims su
Schizophrenia is a brain disorder whose victims suffer from everything from violent behavior to hallucinations and delusions, as well as slowed speech, apathy and emotional unresponsiveness Schizophrenia – Much-Researched, Little-Understood About 1 percent, or approximately 50 million, of the world’s people suffer from schizophrenia, making it a major global health problem. If left untreated, its sufferers experience at least two of the following symptoms for prolonged periods: Delusions, hallu
OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN
OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN
OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN INTRODUCTION    We all have traditions and a certain way we like to do things. And those traditions become a part of our lives. If we skip or do not do them we feel as if something is missing. However., when the traditions become so ingrained that we must do them over and over again or we feel that something bad is going to happen we may have crossed the line into OCD. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety-based disorder. Millions
The Harmful Effects of Nicotine
The Harmful Effects of Nicotine
The Harmful Effects of Nicotine The Harmful Effects of Nicotine Politics and prejudices aside, evidence is piling up to show that nicotine- is habit-forming, especially when delivered via cigarette smoke. As a drug-like agent, nicotine works directly on the brain, creating physical and psychological needs that millions of people worldwide find hard to resist. Even the stark reality of cancer and heart disease does not deter some from smoking.  Exactly how nicotine spurs dependence is not well u
Theories of Knowledge and Psychological Applicatio
Theories of Knowledge and Psychological Applicatio
Theories of Knowledge and Psychological Applications Theories of Knowledge and Psychological Applications Robin A. Finlayson University of Saskatchewan Ed.Psy: 855.3: Advanced Educational Psychology October 16, 1996 How individuals are able to obtain knowledge is something that psychologists have studied for a number of years. The ability to store and retrieve knowledge provides individuals with the propensity to form logical thought, express emotions and internalize the world around them. In o
How individuals are able to obtain knowledge is so
How individuals are able to obtain knowledge is so
How individuals are able to obtain knowledge is something that psychologists have studied for a number of years. The ability to store and retrieve knowledge provides individuals with the propensity to form logical thought, express emotions and internalize the world around them. In order for a psychologist to understand the theories of knowledge it is necessary to investigate the aspects of the theories. In this paper we examine the history , the basic construct, the similarities of the theories
Human Perception: An Intimate Look Into The Most I
Human Perception: An Intimate Look Into The Most I
Human Perception: An Intimate Look Into The Most Intriguing Aspect of Modern Psychology Human Perception: An Intimate Look Into The Most Intriguing Aspect of Modern Psychology. It determines what we see, what we do, what we feel. It controls our emotions, our thoughts, and our conscience. What is this remarkable element of the human mind? It is called perception. Perception as defined in the Merrian- Webster Dictionary as the following- 1 a : awareness of the elements of environment through phy
Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer\'s Disease Alzheimer\'s Disease by: Michael Sang Introduction to Alzheimer\'s Alzheimer\'s disease is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain. It is first described by the German neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915) in 1905. This disease worsens with advancing age, although there is no evidence that it is cause by the aging process. The average life expectancy of a person with the disease is between five and ten years, but some patients today can live up to 15 years du
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder Chris Brown English 102: section 6 May 3, 1996 Approximately 3-5% of all American children have an Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). ADD is a leading cause of school failure and under-achievement. ADD characteristics often arise in early childhood. As many as 50% of children with ADD are never diagnosed. Boys significantly outnumber girls, though girls are more likely to be undiagnosed with ADD. ADD is not an attention disorder, but a disor
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome Word Count: 3324 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is a recently recognized disease. It is caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks selected cells in the IMMUNE SYSTEM and produces defects in function. These defects may not be apparent for years. They lead, however, to a severe suppression of the immune system\'s ability to resist harmful organisms. This leaves the body open to invasion by various infections,
The Brain 's Cerebral Cortex
The Brain 's Cerebral Cortex
The Brain \'s Cerebral Cortex Word Count: 710 The brain is three pounds of tissue that are part of the nervous system. It is one of the two basic parts and contains a bout 100 billion nerve cells. The glilia is the cells that take care of the neuron cells ands allow the nueroin cells to carry out all of the impulses and messages that they must send. It is divided in to parts that give you the ability to do everything from swimming to math and more. The brain has two hemispheres, which are mirro
AIDS
AIDS
AIDS AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is a recently recognized disease entity. It is caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks selected cells in the immune system (see IMMUNITY) and produces defects in function. These defects may not be apparent for years. They lead in a relentless fashion, however, to a severe suppression of the immune system\'s ability to resist harmful organisms. This leaves the body open to an invasion by various infect
Desarrollo Motriz
Desarrollo Motriz
Desarrollo Motriz Word Count: 426 control y coordinación motriz Definición: perfeccionamiento de la propriopercepción para lograr una gran variedad de tareas que giran en torno a la puesta en común sensoriomotriz, o sea entre las señales recibidas del entorno y la ejecución de movimientos musculares resultantes de aprendizajes que pasan a ser notables ejemplos de autoorganización cerebral que se perfeccionan en forma contínua. Participan el colículo superior, la corteza parietal y premotora, el
Anxiety And Pain
Anxiety And Pain
Anxiety And Pain Word Count: 2219 How Have Psychological Theories Elucidated the Nature of Anxiety: With Particular Reference to Panic Disorder Everybody has had experience with anxiety. Indeed anxiety responses have been found in all species right down to the sea slug (Rapee, et al 1998). The concept of anxiety was for a long time bound up with the work of Sigmund Freud where it was more commonly known as neurosis. Freud’s concept of neuroses consisted of a number of conditions characterised b
Huntington's Disease
Huntington's Disease
Huntington\'s Disease Huntington\'s Disease Background Huntington\'s disease is inherited as an autosomal dominant disease that gives rise to progressive, elective (localized) neural cell death associated with choleric movements (uncontrollable movements of the arms, legs, and face) and dementia. It is one of the more common inherited brain disorders. About 25,000 Americans have it and another 60,000 or so will carry the defective gene and will develop the disorder as they age. Physical deterio
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a relatively new disease found primarily in cattle. This disease of the bovine breed was first seen in the United Kingdom in November 1986 by histopathological examination of affected brains (Kimberlin, 1993) . From the first discovery in 1986 to 1990 this disease developed into a large-scale epidemic in most of the United Kingdom, with very serious economic consequences (Moore, 1996). BS
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia During the 1950s, mentally disordered people who were harmful to society and themselves could be treated with medications and were able to return safely to their communities. During the 1980s, the cost of health care increased more than any other cost in our national economy. As a result, strategic planning has been made to reduce costs. “The political decision made to deinstitutionalize chronic mental patients started with the appearance of phenothiazine medications