Philosophy Page 11

Kanflict: How Humans Have Risen Above The Divine
Kanflict: How Humans Have Risen Above The Divine
Kanflict: How Humans Have Risen Above The Divine Kanflict: How Humans Have Risen Above The Divine November 23, \'96 Philosophy: Lily Nov.22 Until Emmanuel Kant, God, primarily the western Religion of Christianity\'s concept of God, was of an elevated stature over humans when concerning the issue of morality. This however was to be questioned due to this philosophers works on this subject. All philosophers preceding him also tried to solve and define this mystical thing called moral good. For Ka
The Communist Manifesto and Karl Marx and Frederic
The Communist Manifesto and Karl Marx and Frederic
The Communist Manifesto and Karl Marx and Frederick Engels The Communist Manifesto and Karl Marx and Frederick Engels In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic factors have on it. Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of the economic factors which they see as driving history. Freud, in Civilization and Its Discontents, explores human nature through his psychological view of the
Consciousness, the Self, and Personality Theory: A
Consciousness, the Self, and Personality Theory: A
Consciousness, the Self, and Personality Theory: A Critical Survey of Theories of Philosophical Arguments and Modern Psychological Personality Theories Consciousness, the Self, and Personality Theory: A Critical Survey of Theories of Philosophical Arguments and Modern Psychological Personality Theories. This paper will concern itself with some main philosophical arguments and dilemmas and how they correlate with modern psychological personality theories. This survey will include dilemmas about
Morality
Morality
Morality Morality Moral philosophy is very important to the success of an individual. But, before I tell you why moral philosophy is so important, and how it has helped me in my life, let me give you a little background knowledge. Rational knowledge has two components. These components are material and formal. Formal knowledge is not object oriented, and is based on reason. Formal knowledge is logic, or the laws of thought. Material knowledge is object oriented, and has two components. These tw
My Personal Search for a Meaningful Existence
My Personal Search for a Meaningful Existence
My Personal Search for a Meaningful Existence My Personal Search for a Meaningful Existence I am the representative embodiment of my nihilistic culture. I am narcissistic, insatiable, petty, apathetic and I am above all an emotional invalid. Yet, up until very recently, I was not consciously aware that I was guilty of having any of these wholly pejorative attributes, because I had unconsciously suppressed my inherent will to attain a meaningful existence, in favor of the comfort and security th
Originality of Philosophy
Originality of Philosophy
Originality of Philosophy Originality of Philosophy Feb.25.1997 What is philosophy? What does a philosopher really do? Questions like these can be answered in a review of Philosophy Now. What can possibly be answered.....questions which have them. And what is it that philosophers study? Generally, most philosophers study questions in which there is no rational or justifiable answer. And the type of articles in the magazine are very interesting because they elighten the reader to question the an
Phaedo
Phaedo
Phaedo Phaedo Philosophy is a vast field. It examines and probes many different fields. Virtue, morality, immortality, death, and the difference between the psyche (soul) and the soma (body) are just a few of the many different topics which can be covered under the umbrella of philosophy. Philosophers are supposed to be experts on all these subjects. The have well thought out opinions, and they are very learned people. Among the most revered philosophers of all time was Socrates. Living around t
Silence of the Lambs: The Battle Between Two Evils
Silence of the Lambs: The Battle Between Two Evils
Silence of the Lambs: The Battle Between Two Evils Silence of the Lambs: The Battle Between Two Evils Philosophy 101 December 18, 1996 In the novel, Silence of the Lambs, we see two different extremes of evil. Dr. Chilton is evil in one respect, while Dr. Hannibal Lecter is evil in his own unique way. Dr. Chilton is the man with bad morals and feels the need to control people. He manipulates people into thinking and acting the way he wants them to. Basically he is the type of guy who takes adva
Socrates: Psychic Harmony Is The Greatest Good
Socrates: Psychic Harmony Is The Greatest Good
Socrates: Psychic Harmony Is The Greatest Good Socrates: Psychic Harmony Is The Greatest Good Erika Hall 516-78-2200 Philosophy 120 Socrates believes that psychic harmony is the greatest good, and that the result of it is moral (rational) behavior. He also believes that if you have a healthy body and soul then you are in psychic harmony with yourself. He says that this is good intrinsically and instrumentally. Which means that it is good for its own sake and the sake of the consequences. Theref
Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law
Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law
Socrate\'s First Accusers and Athenian Law Socrate\'s First Accusers and Athenian Law Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict between philosophy and politics. The problem remains making philosophy friendly to politics. The questioning of authoritative opinions is not easily accomplished nor is that realm of philosophy - the pursuit of wisdom. Socrates was the instigator of the conflict. While the political element takes place within opinions about political li
The Comparisons of Charles Manson to Transcendenta
The Comparisons of Charles Manson to Transcendenta
The Comparisons of Charles Manson to Transcendental Philosophy The Comparisons of Charles Manson to Transcendental Philosophy Charles Manson and various members of his “family” brutally killed several people from the Tate and LaBianca family on two seperate ocassions. The purposes of these killings are misunderstood by today\'s society, when ignoring Manson\'s philosophy. Although Manson never killed anyone, he went to prison in 1969 for masterminding the operation. Today\'s society has labeled
The Game of Hackysac or Footbag
The Game of Hackysac or Footbag
The Game of Hackysac or Footbag The Game of Hackysac or Footbag What if I told you that in my hand I hold the secret to world harmony that diplomats have been searching for for centerys. That a toy about the size of a plumb can improve your physical and mental well being tremendously. It may sound corny, but it may even bring you at peace with the world. You may call me crazy, but I believe that this little devise can do all these things. This is the hackysac, or footbag as it is officially kno
The Importance of Literature vs. Science
The Importance of Literature vs. Science
The Importance of Literature vs. Science The Importance of Literature vs. Science If we lived in a world without literature, learning only the sciences, would we be the same people? Does the human race need literature at all, does it have any worth whatsoever except as entertainment? Do people actually learn from literature? These are all questions that divide the human race into two separate sections, those who believe in the power of literature, and those who see it as impoverished compared t
Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Fo
Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Fo
Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Four Stages of The Doctrine of The Intelligence Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Four Stages of The Doctrine of The Intelligence Alfarabi was raised as a young boy in Baghdad. His early life was spent studying the art of linguistics, philosophy, and logic. His teachers were Syrian Christians experts in Greek philosophy. He studied Aristotle and Plato in detail, and it became evident in his later writings that they were a strong infl
The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno
The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno
The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle\'s Thoughts on Zeno\'s Arror Argument The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle\'s Thoughts on Zeno\'s Arror Argument Aristotle\'s thoughts on Zeno\'s Arrow Argument as represented in Chapter 9 of Aristotle\'s Physics: A Guided Study can be understood in such a way that it might not be next door to madness. In this chapter, Aristotle interprets Zeno\'s argument of the Flying Arrow as missing the mark. There are four premises for this argument, and in Aristotle\'s opini
The Philosophy of Truth Making You Free
The Philosophy of Truth Making You Free
The Philosophy of Truth Making You Free The Philosophy of Truth Making You Free There exists a philosophy that, the truth will make you free. For example, exposing a conspiracy that does yourself and others harm can only set you free from further harm and related mischief. Whether or not the conspirators are the criminals of society or the highest branches of our own government. Injustice spreads like a virus and it needs to be stopped while there is still a way. The effects of such an act can
Betrand Russell: The Problems of Philosophy
Betrand Russell: The Problems of Philosophy
Betrand Russell: The Problems of Philosophy Betrand Russell: The Problems of Philosophy The value of Philosophy is, in fact, to be sought largely in its uncertainty. The man who has no tincture of Philosophy goes through life imprisoned in the prejudices derived from common sense, from the habitual beliefs of his age or his nation, and from the convictions which have grown up in his mind without the co-operation of his deliberate reason. Bertrand Russell, The Problems of Philosophy. Philosophy
The Right of Autonomy
The Right of Autonomy
The Right of Autonomy The Right of Autonomy Political philosophy is the philosophy of the state. A state is a group of people who have supreme authority within a given territory or over a certain population, according to Wolf. Authority then, is the right to command and the right to be obeyed which is different from power. Power in Wolff\'s terms, is the “ability to compel compliance.” Moral autonomy is “a submission to laws which one has made for oneself.” Wolf believes that there is a problem
Can Skepticism Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited F
Can Skepticism Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited F
Can Skepticism Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited Form? Can Skepticism Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited Form? 1. Introduction This essay centres around what it means to know something is true and also why it is important to distinguish between what you know and do not or can not know. The sceptic in challenging the possibility of knowing anything challenges the basis on which all epistemology is based. It is from this attack on epistemology that the defence of scepticism is seen. 2. Strong Scep
The Sight of Science
The Sight of Science
The Sight of Science The Sight of Science It is a truth universally acknowledged that he whose mind is ahead of his time and above that of his peers may not be understood by his fellow people and be subject to critisizm and persecution. Galilei Galileo, Francis Bacon, and Rene Descartes were among the first to break away from the conventional views of their times to find a place for science in a society and propose the way it should be practiced. All three authors agree on some points but diffe
Sigumand Freud and Nietzsche: Personalities and Th
Sigumand Freud and Nietzsche: Personalities and Th
Sigumand Freud and Nietzsche: Personalities and The Mind Sigumand Freud and Nietzsche: Personalities and The Mind There were two great minds in this century. One such mind was that of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). In the year 1923 he created a new view of the mind. That view encompassed the idea we have split personalities and that each one have their own realm, their own tastes, their own principles upon which they are guided. He called these different personalities the id, ego, and super ego. Ea
The Stoics and Socrates
The Stoics and Socrates
The Stoics and Socrates The Stoics and Socrates The question of the reality of the soul and its distinction from the body is among the most important problems of philosophy, for with it is bound up the doctrine of a future life. The soul may be defined as the ultimate internal principle by which we think, feel, and will, and by which our bodies are animated. The term mind usually denotes this principle as the subject of our conscious states, while soul denotes the source of our vegetative a
The Soul
The Soul
The Soul The Soul Open Letter of Apology: I have come to the conclusion that we are all responsible for the destruction of the human mind. We are all at fault for breeding hate, ignorance, and worst of all any known and/or association to an --ism. Should we all band as one and focus on a better future or let the mind fester in its own propaganda filled atmosphere? Are we really to blame, for not being able to see what truly is rising in today\'s society? The acceptance of brainwashing of Americ
The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide to Love
The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide to Love
The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide to Love The Symposium: A Philosophers Guide to Love Shaun Butler Honors Philosophy 8:30am Tues-Thurs section As much as our society has become involved in the advancement of feminism and the equality of the sexes, there is one fact that neither gender can ignore; none can survive without the other. Love and the want of a soul mate keeps each member of man and womankind in constant search of the perfect person with whom to become one. Yet if this bond is a nec
Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche Some call Friedrich Nietzsche the father of the Nazi party. Was Nietzsche\'s ideas twisted and warped by a needy country? Nietzsche himself despised the middle and lower class people. Was it Nietzsche\'s Will to Power theory that spawned one of the greatest patriotic movements of the twentieth century? These are some of the questions I had when first researching Friedrich Nietzsche for the following paper. Friedrich Nietzsche, at one time called the arch
People Are Victims of A Greater Force: The Environ
People Are Victims of A Greater Force: The Environ
People Are Victims of A Greater Force: The Environment People Are Victims of A Greater Force: The Environment People would like to believe they can accomplish everything they want in life. In reality, it is just a positive way of thinking. It would be nice to believe that a person could do anything if he puts his mind to it, this way of thinking is not reality. People are victims of greater forces. The force is not a force of God or magic. The force are our environment, our Biological instinct,
To What Extent Does the Nature of Language Illumin
To What Extent Does the Nature of Language Illumin
To What Extent Does the Nature of Language Illuminate Our Understanding of the Relation Between Knowledge of Ourselves and Knowledge of Others? To What Extent Does the Nature of Language Illuminate Our Understanding of the Relation Between Knowledge of Ourselves and Knowledge of Others? More than any other thing, the use of language sets humankind apart from the remainder of the animal kingdom. There is some debate as to where the actual boundary between language and communication should be dra
Transcendentalism: The Philosophy of the Mind
Transcendentalism: The Philosophy of the Mind
Transcendentalism: The Philosophy of the Mind Transcendentalism: The Philosophy of the Mind Transcendentalism is the view that the basic truth of the universe lies beyond the knowledge obtained from the senses, a knowledge that transcendentalists regard as the mere appearance of things (Adventures 162). Transcendentalists believe the mind is where ideas are formed. The transcendentalist ideas of God, man, and the universe were not all original, but were a combination of other philosophies and r
Two Brands of Nihilism
Two Brands of Nihilism
Two Brands of Nihilism Two Brands of Nihilism As philosopher and poet Nietzsche\'s work is not easily conformable to the traditional schools of thought within philosophy. However, an unmistakable concern with the role of religion and values penetrates much of his work. Contrary to the tradition before him, Nietzsche launches vicious diatribes against Christianity and the dualistic philosophies he finds essentially life denying. Despite his early tutelage under the influence of Schopenhauer\'s p
Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment: Raskolnikov's M
Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment: Raskolnikov's M
Dostoevsky\'s Crime and Punishment: Raskolnikov\'s Mathematical Evaluation of Moral Dilemma Presented To Him Exemplifies The Empirical View of Utilitarianism Dostoevsky\'s Crime and Punishment: Raskolnikov\'s Mathematical Evaluation of Moral Dilemma Presented To Him Exemplifies The Empirical View of Utilitarianism One death, and a thousand lives in exchange--it\'s simple arithmetic. -Raskolnikov Raskolnikov\'s mathematical evaluation of the moral dilemma presented to him in Dostoevsky\'s Crim
Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire): French Author an
Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire): French Author an
Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire): French Author and Philosopher 1694 - 1778 A.D. Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire): French Author and Philosopher 1694 - 1778 A.D. Francois Marie Arouet (pen name Voltaire) was born on November 21, 1694 in Paris. Voltaire\'s style, wit, intelligence and keen sense of justice made him one of France\'s greatest writers and philosophers. Young Francois Marie received an excellent education at a Jesuit school. He left school at 16 and soon formed friendships with a gr
Welfare Reform: A Matter of Justice
Welfare Reform: A Matter of Justice
Welfare Reform: A Matter of Justice Welfare Reform: A Matter of Justice Medicaid. It is the United States Federal Government program to aid states in providing health care to the poor and impoverished who otherwise could not receive proper medical care. In 1995 the federal government spent a total of $77.4 Billion on Medicaid. This is up almost 300 percent from $20.1 Billion in 1984, only 10 years earlier. In the same 10 years state spending on Medicaid rose over 250 percent from $16.5 Billion
The Question of an Answer: What It Is To Be Human
The Question of an Answer: What It Is To Be Human
The Question of an Answer: What It Is To Be Human The Question of an Answer: What It Is To Be Human The body is socially constructed; and in this paper we explore the various and ever-changing constructions of the body, and thus of the embodied self......The one word, body, may therefore signify very different realities and perceptions of reality.....(Synnot 1992, 43) It has been said that in order to understand life and society, we as people must first understand ourselves. Who are we as a peo
Why Should I Be Moral?
Why Should I Be Moral?
Why Should I Be Moral? Why Should I Be Moral? The question of morality proves to be a complex interrogatory. Should I be moral? If I should be, then why? Why is morality important to society? An assumption can be made that morals derive from a purely religious perspective or the Golden Rule approach. We are told that it is right to be moral. This is an ineffective answer, since it does not apply to someone outside the moral circle (Olsen, 79). This in mind, there is really no way to prove this
Absolute
Absolute
Absolute Word Count: 908 An elephant was brought to a group of blind men who had never encountered such an animal before. One felt a leg and reported that an elephant is a great living pillar. Another felt the trunk and reported that an elephant is a great snake. Another felt a tusk and reported that an elephant is like a sharp ploughshare. And so on. And then they all quarreled together, each claiming that his own account was the truth and therefore all the others false (traditional parable).
Absolute Understanding
Absolute Understanding
Absolute Understanding Word Count: 1043 An elephant was brought to a group of blind men who had never encountered such an animal before. One felt a leg and reported that an elephant is a great living pillar. Another felt the trunk and reported that an elephant is a great snake. Another felt a tusk and reported that an elephant is like a sharp ploughshare. And so on. And then they all quarreled together, each claiming that his own account was the truth and therefore all the others false (traditi
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action Affirmative Action: Discrimination has always been a major issue in society. To address this issue certain rights were established like the Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Title VII states it shall be an unlawful employment practice for an employer- 1 to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms conditions, or privileges of employment, because of such individual’s
Ancient Philosophy
Ancient Philosophy
Ancient Philosophy Word Count: 2192 As Aristotle viewed the world around him, he observed that things are moving and changing in certain ways. Aristotle discovered that certain things cause other things, which in turn cause something else. Aristotle believed that an infinite chain of causation was not possible, thus, a prime mover of some kind must exist as the first cause of everything that changes or moves. The first evidence that Aristotle viewed was the world around him. He observed that ev
Animal Liberation
Animal Liberation
Animal Liberation Word Count: 1297 Animal Liberation For Steve Kramer By Matt Young Philosophy 200 Why is it that we as a society condemn the actions of a man against a man but very rarely a man against an animal? I think this question must be understood if we are ever to change the rights animals have. As of yet I don\'t believe animals have any actual rights. Rather humans have rights that involve animals. If we are to truly allow animals to have rights the same or similar to humans then we m
Anselm’s Philosophy
Anselm’s Philosophy
Anselm’s Philosophy Word Count: 1646 Anselm\'s definition of a God starts by saying that God is the greatest being we can possibly think of. When Anselm states this, it essentially means that it is not possible to think of a being greater than God. Anselm also states that if God is the greatest thinkable being, he is referring to the fact that it would be impossible to imagine or to create in ones mind someone or something being better than God. Therefore, it would be impossible to say that God
An Enquiry Concerning The Principles Of Morals
An Enquiry Concerning The Principles Of Morals
An Enquiry Concerning The Principles Of Morals Word Count: 1606 What is a moral? This is a question that has plagued philosophers for many years. Is it possible to have a set of universal morals? There are many questions that surround the mystery of morals. They seem to drive our every action. We base our decisions on what is right and what is wrong. But what is it that actually determines what is right and what is wrong? Is it our sense of reason? Is it our sense of sentiment? This is a questi
Arguments Against The Design Experiment
Arguments Against The Design Experiment
Arguments Against The Design Experiment Word Count: 990 Nikki Tabacco Philosophy 100 048728607 Food For Thought… Do we dwell in a Universe Created by a Designer? The phenomenon of the creation of the universe has baffled many for some time. The question of whether or not a designer/God put together this most intricate world in a personal quest or project leaves many in great debate. Was life brought about by some evolutionary feat? Or, in opposition, did an intelligent being create life with pe
Buddhism's Four Noble Truths
Buddhism's Four Noble Truths
Buddhism\'s Four Noble Truths Word Count: 3192 Sarfo K. Mensah Jr. Buddhism Paper 3/22/00 Siddharta Gautama was twenty-nine years of age when he abandoned his family to search for a means to bring to an end his and other’s suffering. He studied meditation with many teachers. At the age of thirty-five, Siddharta Gautama sat down under the shade of a fig or bo tree to meditate; he determined to meditate until he received enlightenment. After seven weeks he received the Great Enlightenment: the Fo
Carl Orff's Philosophies In Music Education
Carl Orff's Philosophies In Music Education
Carl Orff\'s Philosophies In Music Education Word Count: 1716 While Carl Orff is a very seminal composer of the 20th century, his greatest success and influence has been in the field of Music Education. Born on July 10th in Munich, Germany in 1895, Orff refused to speak about his past almost as if he were ashamed of it. What we do know, however, is that Orff came from a Bavarian family who was very active in the German military. His father\'s regiment band would often play through some of the y
Common Pagan Rituals And Beliefs
Common Pagan Rituals And Beliefs
Common Pagan Rituals And Beliefs Word Count: 1582 Paganism is an ancient type of religion which has quite an inauspicious reputation today. There are many types of paganism, most date back thousands of years, which include Wicca, Witchcraft, Paganism, and a few other lesser known and practiced variations. Yet all of these religions are similar and share common beliefs. Wicca is the most common of these, as it also demonstrates the shared belief of doing good that is common to most forms of paga
Critique Of Bentham's Quantitative Utilitarianism
Critique Of Bentham's Quantitative Utilitarianism
Critique Of Bentham\'s Quantitative Utilitarianism Word Count: 1758 Over time, the actions of mankind have been the victim of two vague labels, right and wrong. The criteria for these labels are not clearly defined, but they still seem to be the standard by which the actions of man are judged. There are some people that abide by a deontological view when it comes to judging the nature of actions; the deontological view holds that it is a person\'s intention that makes an action right or wrong.
Deffenses for Democracy
Deffenses for Democracy
Deffenses for Democracy Deffenses for Democracy: A resposnse to Plato\'s Republic: Is liberty a bad thing? Socrates seemed to think so. In Book VIII of Plato’s Republic, Socrates criticizes democracy by attacking three of its most important aspects: liberty, equality, and majority rule. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: Philosophy [Paper Title]: Deffenses for Democracy: A resposnse to Plato\'s Republic [Text]:
Descartes, Leibniz, And Spinoza
Descartes, Leibniz, And Spinoza
Descartes, Leibniz, And Spinoza Word Count: 719 Erik Irre Modern Philosophy December 16, 1999 Paper 1, Section 2 If these great thinkers (Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz) were to discuss instead the soul’s connection to the body, what might each say (both on his own behalf and in response to the other)? Would they find any places where they might agree? If not, why not? (These are, after all, smart guys!) Though this sort of meeting would strike me as a debate with as furiously disparate and un
Emerson's Philosofy
Emerson's Philosofy
Emerson\'s Philosofy Word Count: 542 Ralph Waldo Emerson, nineteenth century poet and writer, expresses a philosophy of life, based on our inner self and the presence of the soul. Emerson regarded and learned from the great minds of the past, he says repeatedly that each person should live according to his own thinking. I will try to explain Emerson’s philosophy, according to what I think he is the central theme in all his works. “Do not seek answers outside yourself” This is the main idea of W
Ethics
Ethics
ethics ethics: Every profession has a code of ethics. The reason for these may vary, but why do we have them? Are they that useful and important? In this paper I will examine codes of ethics from a philosophical point of view. I will focus mainly at the ASM/IEEE code of ethics, but also at code of ethics in general. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: Philosophy [Paper Title]: ethics [Text]: Every profession has