Series Of Books

Francis Scott Fitzgerald
Francis Scott Fitzgerald
Francis Scott Fitzgerald Francis Scott Fitzgerald Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is known as one of the most important American writers of his time. He wrote about the troubling time period in which he lived known as the Jazz Age. During this era people were either rich or dreamt of great wealth. Fitzgerald fell into the trap of wanting to be wealthy, and suffered great personal anguish because of these driving forces. I have chosen to write a term paper on F.Scott Fitzgerald. The goal of this pr
Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Martin Luther Martin Luther Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther, his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. I
Nicholas Ferrar
Nicholas Ferrar
Nicholas Ferrar Nicholas Ferrar Christian History 102 Nicholas Ferrar was assumed to be born in 1592. I have found that his most probable birth date was in February of 1593. This is due to the usual calendar confusion: England was not at that time using the new calendar adopted in October 1582. It was 1593 according to our modern calendar, but at the time the new year in England began on the following March 25th. Nicholas Ferrar was one of the more interesting figures in English history. His fa
Nostradamus
Nostradamus
Nostradamus Nostradamus Michel De Nostradame, otherwise known as Nostradamus was born December 14, 1503. His family was of Jewish ancestry. His grandfather, Pierre de Nostradame, had settled in Provence because by the mid-1400s, many Jews had come to live there. Nostradamus\' father was Jacques de Nostradame. Jacques worked as a scholary, since most people didn\'t know how to write he wrote things for them, from love letters to formal documents. Jacques\' income provided a good home at the time
Stephen Vincent Benet
Stephen Vincent Benet
Stephen Vincent Benet Stephen Vincent Benet Only in a time when the pressure of the world amounts to angst and the fight for freedom can a world advance in it\'s literary achievements. A writer, just like an artist, builds his creations from the mood and settings of the surrounding atmosphere. In the first half of the twentieth century, the atmosphere was filled with resources to stimulate literary creativity, such as the second World War and the Great Depression (Roache 102: 14). The social ge
Ted Bundy
Ted Bundy
Ted Bundy Ted Bundy Ted Bundy\'s Trail of Terror From the Beginning of Taking Life Until The End of His Life Serial killers tend to be white heterosexual males in their twenties and thirties. While it is impossible to predict who will become a serial killer there are traits that appear to be similar in all killers. These behaviors include cruelty to animals, bedwetting, lying, drug and alcohol abuse, and a history of violence. According to Robert Ressler et al., serial homicide involves the mu
William Faulkner
William Faulkner
William Faulkner William Faulkner William Faulkner\'s Yoknapatawpha County, with Jefferson as its county seat, is both a mythical and actual place. Yoknapatawpha county is 2400 square miles in area and has a population of 15,611 persons. Jefferson has an actual jail, town square, old houses, and Old Frenchman\'s Place, even a railroad. Faulkner\'s Yoknapatawpha County is in reality Lafayette County, and Jefferson is actually Oxford. The Faulkner family lived there since before the Civil War
Wilson, Woodrow
Wilson, Woodrow
Wilson, Woodrow Wilson, Woodrow Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States (1913-21), secured a legislative program of progressive domestic reform, guided his country during WORLD WAR I, and sought a peace settlement based on high moral principles, to be guaranteed by the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Early Life and Career Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Va., on Dec. 28, 1856. He was profoundly influenced by a devoutly religious household headed by his father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, a
Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet Alfred Binet The following essay offers both a short biography of Psychologist Alfred Binet and a present day practical application using the theory from which Binet developed his Intelligence test. Alfred Binet, born in Nice, France, on the eleventh of July, whose mother was an artist and whose father was a physician, became one of the most prominent psychologists in French history. Having received his formal education in both Nice and later, in Paris, at the renowned Lycee Louis
Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth Babe Ruth Babe Ruth is an American hero. He transformed baseball from a sport, to a national pastime when it needed it the most. Coming off of the wake of the Black Socks scandal, baseball was headed downhill. It had a bad reputation, and interest was waning. The dead-ball era was dragging on, and there were to few baseball purists left to support it. Baseball was in search of a new audience, and Babe Ruth handed it to them on a silver platter. Babe Ruth started the Home run era of
B. F. Skinner
B. F. Skinner
B. F. Skinner B. F. Skinner Burris Frederic Skinner was born on March 20th, 1904 in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. His mother, Grace M. Burrhus, was a stenographer and a secretary, in a law office and later in a railroad chief executive\'s office. His father, William A. Skinner, was an attorney, who studied law with another local attorney at a New York Law School. Skinner\'s parents were both good students. His father had bought several sets of books, so there was a lot of reading material their ch
Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet The following essay offers both a short biography of Psychologist Alfred Binet and a present day practical application using the theory from which Binet developed his Intelligence test. Alfred Binet, born in Nice, France, on the eleventh of July, whose mother was an artist and whose father was a physician, became one of the most prominent psychologists in French history. Having received his formal education in both Nice and later, in Paris, at the renowned Lycee Louis -le-Grand, Bi
Skinner’s Behaviorism
Skinner’s Behaviorism
Skinner’s Behaviorism Page 3 B. F. Skinner Burris Frederic Skinner was born on March 20th, 1904 in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. His mother, Grace M. Burrhus, was a stenographer and a secretary, in a law office and later in a railroad chief executive\'s office. His father, William A. Skinner, was an attorney, who studied law with another local attorney at a New York Law School. Skinner\'s parents were both good students. His father had bought several sets of books, so there was a lot of reading ma
Babe Ruth is an American hero. He transformed base
Babe Ruth is an American hero. He transformed base
Babe Ruth is an American hero. He transformed baseball from a sport, to a national pastime when it needed it the most. Coming off of the wake of the Black Socks scandal, baseball was headed downhill. It had a bad reputation, and interest was waning. The dead-ball era was dragging on, and there were to few baseball purists left to support it. Baseball was in search of a new audience, and Babe Ruth handed it to them on a silver platter. Babe Ruth started the Home run era of baseball. In the dea
Dorothy Day
Dorothy Day
Dorothy Day Word Count: 2666 Dorothy Day, founder of the Catholic Worker movement, was born in Brooklyn, New York, November 8, 1897. After surviving the San Francisco earthquake in 1906, the Day family moved into a flat in Chicago\'s South Side. It was a big step down in the world made necessary because John Day was out of work. Day understands of the shame people feel when they fail in their efforts dated from this time. (Miller, p.4) When John Day was appointed sports editor of a Chicago news
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is known as one of the most important American writers of his time. He wrote about the troubling time period in which he lived known as the Jazz Age. During this era people were either rich or dreamt of great wealth. Fitzgerald fell into the trap of wanting to be wealthy, and suffered great personal anguish because of these driving forces. I have chosen to write a term paper on F.Scott Fitzgerald. The goal of this presentation is to show F. Scott
Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin
Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin
Five Questions For Vladimir Lenin Word Count: 2114 Vladimir Ilyich Lenin The most dedicated leader of the revolution, and future leader of the Bolshevik Party in Russia, was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. He was born in 1870 in Simbirsk, Russia, a small town on the Volga River, to a family of hereditary nobles that were not wealt but quite comfortable. Vladimir Ulyanov, who would later change his name to Lenin, was the third of seven children. His oldest brother, Aleksandr, was hanged in May of 1887
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Gabriel Garcia Marquez Word Count: 5965 Gabriel Gárcia Márquez Gabriel José García Márquez was born on March 6, 1928 in Aracataca, a town in Northern Colombia, where he was raised by his maternal grandparents in a house filled with countless aunts and the rumors of ghosts. But in order to get a better grasp on García Márquez\'s life, it helps to understand something first about both the history of Colombia and the unusual background of his family. Colombia Colombia won its independence from Spa
Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac Word Count: 1861 In the beginning Jack Kerouac lived a wild and exciting life outside the realm of everyday normal American life. Though On the Road and The Dharma Bums were Kerouac\'s only commercial sucesses, he was a man who changed American literature and pop-culture. Kerouac virtually created a life-style devoted to life, art, literature, music, and poetry. When his movement grew out of his control, he came to despise it, and died lonely on the other side of what he once loved
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER
MARTIN LUTHER Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther, his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. In 1501, at th
Christian History 102
Christian History 102
Christian History 102 Nicholas Ferrar Nicholas Ferrar was assumed to be born in 1592. I have found that his most probable birth date was in February of 1593. This is due to the usual calendar confusion: England was not at that time using the new calendar adopted in October 1582. It was 1593 according to our modern calendar, but at the time the new year in England began on the following March 25th. Nicholas Ferrar was one of the more interesting figures in English history. His family was quite w
Nostradamus
Nostradamus
Nostradamus Michel De Nostradame, otherwise known as Nostradamus was born December 14, 1503. His family was of Jewish ancestry. His grandfather, Pierre de Nostradame, had settled in Provence because by the mid-1400s, many Jews had come to live there. Nostradamus’ father was Jacques de Nostradame. Jacques worked as a scholary, since most people didn’t know how to write he wrote things for them, from love letters to formal documents. Jacques’ income provided a good home at the time. Nostradamus’
Only in a time when the pressure of the world amou
Only in a time when the pressure of the world amou
Only in a time when the pressure of the world amounts to angst and the fight for freedom can a world advance in it\'s literary achievements. A writer, just like an artist, builds his creations from the mood and settings of the surrounding atmosphere. In the first half of the twentieth century, the atmosphere was filled with resources to stimulate literary creativity, such as the second World War and the Great Depression (Roache 102: 14). The social genre of the time gave way to the broad appeal
Ted Bundy's Trail of Terror From the Beginning of
Ted Bundy's Trail of Terror From the Beginning of
Ted Bundy\'s Trail of Terror From the Beginning of Taking Life Until The End of His Serial killers tend to be white heterosexual males in their twenties and thirties. While it is impossible to predict who will become a serial killer there are traits that appear to be similar in all killers. These behaviors include cruelty to animals, bedwetting, lying, drug and alcohol abuse, and a history of violence. According to Robert Ressler et al., serial homicide involves the murder of separate of separ
Todd Gray
Todd Gray
Todd Gray Todd Gray: Iconographic Photography: The subjective nature presented in Todd Gray’s photographs appears to reflect the upbringings of the artist himself. In his photograph entitled Anti-Euro, Gray studied the idea of being a “floating entity.” He attempts to reveal the notion that all people are mixed in some way and that no one is really pure black or pure white. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- * © Copyright DueNow.com Inc. * [Category]: Bi
William Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha County, with Jeff
William Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha County, with Jeff
William Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha County, with Jefferson as its county seat, is both a mythical and actual place. Yoknapatawpha county is 2400 square miles in area and has a population of 15,611 persons. Jefferson has an actual jail, town square, old houses, and Old Frenchman’s Place, even a railroad. Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha County is in reality Lafayette County, and Jefferson is actually Oxford. The Faulkner family lived there since before the Civil War. This is where most of his stories t
Wilson, Woodrow
Wilson, Woodrow
Wilson, Woodrow Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States (1913-21), secured a legislative program of progressive domestic reform, guided his country during WORLD WAR I, and sought a peace settlement based on high moral principles, to be guaranteed by the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Early Life and Career Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Va., on Dec. 28, 1856. He was profoundly influenced by a devoutly religious household headed by his father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, a Presbyterian mi
Murder Must Advertise
Murder Must Advertise
Murder Must Advertise Word Count: 829 When advertising executive Victor Dean dies from a fall down the stairs at Pym\'s Publicity, Lord Peter Wimsey is asked to investigate. It seems that, before he died, Dean had begun a letter to Mr. Pym suggesting some very unethical dealings at the posh London ad agency. Wimsey goes undercover and discovers that Dean was part of the fast crowd at Pym\'s, a group taken to partying and doing drugs. Wimsey and his brother-in-law, Chief-Inspector Parker, rush t
Old Man And The Sea
Old Man And The Sea
Old Man And The Sea Word Count: 1486 This part of the story has to do with Santiago against nature and the sea. In this part of the story, he goes out and fights nature in the form of terrible forces and dangerous creatures, among them, a marlin, sharks and hunger. He starts the story in a small skiff and moves out in a journey to capture a fish after a long losing streak of eighty-four days. Unfortunately his friend must desert him due to this problem and a greater force, his parents. Santiago
Seasons Of A Man's Life
Seasons Of A Man's Life
Seasons Of A Man\'s Life Word Count: 1279 Daniel J. Levinson wrote The Seasons of A Man\'s Life. Mr. Levinson conducted his research for the book in the late 1960\'s. At that time he was a Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry of the Yale University School of Medicine, Director of Psychology in the Connecticut Mental Health Center and Director of the Research Unit for Social Psychology and Psychiatry. Early in the book, Mr. Levinson states his reasons for engaging in the resea
Six Easy Pieces By Richard Feynman
Six Easy Pieces By Richard Feynman
Six Easy Pieces By Richard Feynman Word Count: 1688 Richard P. Feynman was born in 1918 in Brooklyn; in 1942 he received his Ph.D. from Princeton. Already displaying his brilliance, Feynman played an important role in the development of the atomic bomb through his work in the Manhattan Project. In 1945 he became a physics teacher at Cornell University, and in 1950 he became a professor at the California Institute of Technology. He, along with Sin-Itero and Julian Schwinger, received the Nobel P
Stillwatch
Stillwatch
Stillwatch Word Count: 1356 Reading is extremely underrated in our country today. Those who do read know what I’m saying. And I’m not talking about Dr. Seuss or Ann M. Martin. I mean REAL books! Books by Dean Koontz, Stephen King, and other best-selling authors. One best-selling author that I have the utmost respect for is Mary Higgins Clark. She’s written chart-topping novels such as Where Are the Children?, A Cry in the Night, A Stranger is Watching, and The Cradle will fall. The book that I
The Killer Angels
The Killer Angels
The Killer Angels Word Count: 539 Most people think of the Civil War as a military battle between the North and South. Without studying the subject, they do not appreciate the facts that make up this historical event. When one reads the novel, The Killer Angels, the reader will have a much better perception and understanding of what actually happened during the war. The Killer Angels, which is written by Michael Shaara, tells the epic story of the great battle of Gettysburg, which left 50,000 C
The Mystery Of Drear House
The Mystery Of Drear House
The Mystery Of Drear House Word Count: 434 Virginia Hamilton. The Mystery of Drear House. Greenwillow Books, 1987. 217pp In concluding her series of stories about the Small family, Virginia Hamilton compliments the original plot perfectly in The Mystery of Drear House. The books dark secrets begin to slowly unveil and are brought to end with a surprising friendship. The book is again set around the house of Dies Eddington Drear, in a current year. The surrounding property and underground tunnel
An Investigation of Japanese Corporate Culture, It
An Investigation of Japanese Corporate Culture, It
An Investigation of Japanese Corporate Culture, Its Trends And Changes An Investigation of Japanese Corporate Culture, Its Trends And Changes Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1 Table of Contents1.0 Introduction 2.0 Procedure 3.0 Findings 3.1 Changing social culture. 3.2 Business Culture in Japan 3.3 Why change is needed 3.4 What is Japan and her corporations doing to develop and change 4.0 Conclusion 5.0 Bibliography Japanese Business & CultureAn investigation Japanese corporate culture, its
Penguin Books: Introduction to Modern Business
Penguin Books: Introduction to Modern Business
Penguin Books: Introduction to Modern Business Penguin Books: Introduction to Modern Business The aim of this essay is to comment on how, over the last six years Penguin Books Limited has grown and managed external and internal changes. Sixty one years ago, Allen Lane, the managing director of the Bodley Head, a British publishing company, revolutionised reading with the introduction of the first ten Penguin paperbacks. Today, over 600 million paperbacks are sold yearly. At a time when there wa
Company Insights on BP
Company Insights on BP
Company Insights on BP Company Insights on BP, Microsoft, and Western Digital: On August 30, we all chose 5 stocks to evaluate before purchasing. At this time I chose BP AMOCO, Microsoft, Western Digital, Toys-R-Us, and Fortune Financial Incorporated. After a few weeks of tracking these stocks, I chose to keep BP AMOCO, Microsoft, and Western Digital, because the stocks were relatively stable and most of them were on the rise at this time. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
ERGONOMICS IN OFFICE AND CLERICAL ENVIRONMENTS
ERGONOMICS IN OFFICE AND CLERICAL ENVIRONMENTS
ERGONOMICS IN OFFICE AND CLERICAL ENVIRONMENTS ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT 200 GROUP PROJECT WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT Ergonomics is becoming one of the most important aspects of administrative management. Since the introduction of computers, offices are becoming more technologically based. Employees are spending greater amounts of time in the office and therefore must be comfortable to remain productive. Workers that feel stressed and do not like their work environments lose morale and spend more time
Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1An investigat
Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1An investigat
Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1An investigation of Japanese corporate culture, its trends and changes. Table of Contents1.0 Introduction 2.0 Procedure 3.0 Findings 3.1 Changing social culture. 3.2 Business Culture in Japan 3.3 Why change is needed 3.4 What is Japan and her corporations doing to develop and change 4.0 Conclusion 5.0 Bibliography Japanese Business & CultureAn investigation Japanese corporate culture, its trends and changes.1.0 IntroductionThis report is based around the fol
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico Word Count: 7199 Mexico Country Profile Country Formal Name: United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicans). Short Form: Mexico. Term for Citizen(s): Mexican(s). Capital: Mexico City (called Mééxico or Ciudad de Mééxico in country). Date of Independence: September 16, 1810 (from Spain). National Holidays: May 5, commemorating the victory over the French at the Battle of Puebla; September 16, Independence Day. Mexico Geography Size: 1,972,550 square kilometers--third largest nation in La
Swen Neumann Introduction to Modern Business
Swen Neumann Introduction to Modern Business
Swen Neumann Introduction to Modern Business L.Thomas and R.Cawley 15/11/96 PENGUIN BOOKS LIMITED The aim of this essay is to comment on how, over the last six years Penguin Books Limited has grown and managed external and internal changes. Sixty one years ago, Allen Lane, the managing director of the Bodley Head, a British publishing company, revolutionised reading with the introduction of the first ten Penguin paperbacks. Today, over 600 million paperbacks are sold yearly. At a time when ther
Hellen Nellie McClung: A Canadian Feminist
Hellen Nellie McClung: A Canadian Feminist
Hellen Nellie McClung: A Canadian Feminist Hellen Nellie McClung: A Canadian Feminist Helen Nellie Laetitia Mooney was born October 20, 1873 in a log cabin on Garafraxa Road, two kilometers from Chatsworth, Ontario. She and her family moved to Manitoba when she was six years old. One of Nellie\'s best influences was her mother. Her family\'s influence was no doubt the reason she became an activist. Her mother thought that every child had the right to an education, and her whole family encoura
Theory Of Varied Consume Choice Behavior and Its I
Theory Of Varied Consume Choice Behavior and Its I
Theory Of Varied Consume Choice Behavior and Its Importance Theory Of Varied Consume Choice Behavior and Its Importance For decades, scholars and practitioners have been frustrated by the very limited capacity of either psychological or marketing models to predict individual choices on particular occasions. This paper discusses a theory which explains the degree to which the extant models omit important influences that produce varied individual choice behaviour. The focus of this paper is on th
Crabs For the Crabber
Crabs For the Crabber
Crabs For the Crabber Crabs For the Crabber Would you like to learn how to make around two hundred dollars a day for going out in the boat and crabbing for a few hours? Once you gain the experience of a commercial crabber, you can earn as much as you want. All it takes is a little time and effort to learn the basic steps, and, of course, the love of the water. For the last two years, I have kept the books for my boyfriend\'s crabbing business. I helped him from the beginning when we purchased t
Families Portrayed In Roddy Doyle's Books
Families Portrayed In Roddy Doyle's Books
Families Portrayed In Roddy Doyle\'s Books Families Portrayed In Roddy Doyle\'s Books Why do we hear so much about family these days? Perhaps it is because relationships between family members are assumed to be the prototype for all other social relations. In the novels, The Commitments, The Snapper and The Van, Roddy Doyle shows his support of the family as an institution. Each character demonstrates strength and direction within the family unit. However, when the stability of the family is th
Mark Twain and His Masterpiece: The Adventures of
Mark Twain and His Masterpiece: The Adventures of
Mark Twain and His Masterpiece: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain and His Masterpiece: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ________ A Research Paper Presented to Mr. Neil of Chula Vista High School ________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for English 10 Honors/Gate ________ By: Id #: 937228 May 16, 1996 Outline I. Samuel Clemens A. Who he is B. Where he was born C. Family II. How Samuel came to be Mark Twain A. His working life B. First writings III. The Adventures of Huck
The Stranger: Analysis
The Stranger: Analysis
The Stranger: Analysis The Stranger: Analysis Author: Albert Camus Pierre Palmer English II. Period #5 Date: 10/4/9 copyright, by Pierre Palmer I. Biographical Insights A. Albert Camus\' cultures consist of being a novelist, literature and short story writer of many books. He wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria, causing him to lose his job and he moved to Paris. Albert Camus also joined the French resistance against the Nazis and became an editor of Combat, an underground ne
The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolken
The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolken
The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolken The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolken Bilbo Baggins is a hobbit, one of a race of short, timid creatures who live in cozy tunnels and who prefer to keep their lives ordered and predictable. One day, he unexpectedly finds himself playing host to Gandalf the wizard and thirteen dwarves. The dwarves, with Gandalf\'s help, plan to travel to the Lonely Mountain to recover the treasure that a dragon named Smaug stole from their people long ago. Gandalf has selected Bilbo to be their
Creative Writing: X-Men
Creative Writing: X-Men
Creative Writing: X-Men Creative Writing: X-Men Zach Dotsey English 101 Section 30 12 December, 1996 When many people hear about the X-Men, they think of a silly kid\'s comic book, but that is not so. X-Men, actually most comic books in general, are a unique blend of two classic art forms; drawings, sometimes even paintings, and storytelling. A comic artist must be able to convey the right mood and feeling for his or her art. They must also be able to fluidly tell a story and fit it all in the
The Effects of Aristotelian Teleological Thought o
The Effects of Aristotelian Teleological Thought o
The Effects of Aristotelian Teleological Thought on Darwin\'s Mechanistic Views of Evolution The Effects of Aristotelian Teleological Thought on Darwin\'s Mechanistic Views of Evolution Jordan Hoffman The need to understand organisms has been a much sought goal of science since its birth as biology. History shows Aristotle and Charles Darwin as two of the most powerful biologists of all time. Aristotle\'s teleological method was supported widely for over 2,000 years. One scientist remarks that